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LOUIS DE GRANGE C (2010)
Publisher: Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Journal: EURE (Santiago) - Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Urbano Regionales
Languages: Spanish
Types: Article
Subjects: movilidad, NA1-9428, mobility, HT165.5-169.9, Áreas metropolitanas, Metropolitan areas, City planning, transporte urbano, transportation models, J, urban planning, Regional planning, Urban groups. The city. Urban sociology, urban transportation, Political science, HT390-395, NA9000-9428, Aesthetics of cities. City planning and beautifying, modelos de transporte, planificación urbana, Architecture, HT101-395
Las grandes ciudades del mundo que han resuelto su problema de transporte público lo han logrado principalmente a la luz de las siguientes dos políticas públicas: una expansión significativa de la red de Metro y trenes urbanos, y una firme regulación en el uso del automóvil. La evidencia empírica a nivel mundial ha permitido constatar que la expansión de redes de Metro genera una reducción mucho más efectiva en el uso del transporte privado que otras medidas como por ejemplo subsidiar la tarifa del transporte público. Adicionalmente, la existencia de una importante red de Metro o trenes urbanos permite aumentar notablemente la efectividad de políticas regulatorias al uso del automóvil, como tarificación vial y gravámenes específicos, entre otras, ya que los automovilistas habituales sí ven en el Metro una alternativa real de transporte, no así en los servicios de buses.
Large cities around the world that have successfully addressed their public transport problems have made it mainly through the folio wing two public policies: a significant expansion of the Metro or urban train networks, and a tight regulation of the use of automobiles. Empirical evidence worldwide shows that the expansion of the Metro network produces a much more effective reduction in the use of private transport than alternative policies as for instance subsidizing the tariff of public transport. Besides, the existence of an important Metro or urban train network enlarges the effectiveness of other regulatory policies to the use of automobile, as road pricing and specific taxes, since the users of automobiles see in Metro a reasonable alternative of transport, which is not the case for buses.
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