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Wai Loan Liew; Khalida Muda; Mohd. Azraai; Augustine Chioma Affam; Soh Kheang (2017)
Publisher: University of Paraiba
Journal: Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Environmental engineering, TA170-171
Over the decades the palm oil industry has managed some challen ging environmental concerns regarding land transformation and degradation, increas e in eutrophication, changing habitats of wildlife, pesticides runoff into inland wa tercourses, and probable climate change. Countries producing palm oil desire to do so in a more sustainable way that will leave the environment evergreen. Therefore this paper aims to encourage sustainable management of agro-industrial waste and its potenti al in making financial returns from the same waste. Hence, the study was conducted with the participation of seven local palm oil mills having different capacities and oper ation age. Attention was given to milling waste as they could cause serious environmenta l menace if unattended to properly. Milling waste includ es lignocellulosic palm biomas s namely the empty fruit bunches (EFB), oil palm shell (OPS), mesocarp fibres, pal m oil mill effluent (POME), and palm oil mill sludge (POMS), as well as solid waste generated from the further processing of these biomass into the palm oil fuel ashe s (POFA) and palm oil clinkers (POC). The opportunities available to the Malaysian pa lm oil industry and the financial benefits which may accr ue from waste generated during palm oil production process cannot be over emphasized.
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