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Sarkar, Siddharth; Varshney, Mohit; Patil, Vaibhav; Lal, Rakesh (2017)
Publisher: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Journal: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry, opioid substitution, RC321-571, tramadol, Short Communication, Harm reduction
Background: Although tramadol has been used in the management of acute withdrawal in patients with opioid dependence, its use for maintenance treatment as a harm reduction approach has not been assessed systematically. This case series describes patients with opioid dependence who were treated with tramadol for long-term maintenance. Methods: Patients with opioid dependence who received treatment at the National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre of All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, were included in the study. Patients who received at least 6 months of tramadol and had follow-up adherence of more than 80% were included in the case series. Results: A total of 25 cases were included, all of whom were males. The types of opioids being taken at the time of initiation of tramadol were natural opiates (poppy husk and raw opium), followed by heroin. The median dose of tramadol at initiation and maintenance was 300 mg/day. Nineteen patients were able to achieve complete abstinence to other opiates on tramadol. Conclusion: Tramadol may be an effective option in the long-term management of patients with opioid dependence. Further studies are required for establishing the efficacy of tramadol for agonist management of patients with opioid dependence.

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