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Silmara Cristina Fanti; Sonia Cristina Juliano Gualtieri de Andrade Perez (2003)
Publisher: Embrapa Informação Tecnológica
Journal: Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: tratamento de semente, vigor de semente, capacidade germinativa, pressão osmótica, seed treatment, seed vigour, germinability, osmotic pressure, Agriculture (General), S1-972
O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a eficiência do condicionamento osmótico em aumentar a tolerância de sementes de paineira (Chorisia speciosa St. Hil.) ao estresse hídrico e ao envelhecimento precoce. As sementes foram condicionadas em solução de KNO3 (0,1M) a 20ºC durante 24 horas, e desidratadas a 27ºC até atingirem o peso inicial, apresentado antes do tratamento. Em seguida, foram expostas ao estresse hídrico simulado com soluções de PEG 6000 nos potenciais osmóticos de 0,0, -0,1, -0,2, -0,3, -0,4, -0,5, -0,6 e -0,7 MPa e aos efeitos do envelhecimento precoce (45ºC e 100% UR) durante 0, 24, 48, 72, 96 e 120 horas. Nas sementes condicionadas e submetidas ao estresse hídrico, os valores médios de porcentagem e velocidade de germinação foram estatisticamente superiores aos obtidos em sementes não condicionadas. Além disso, o condicionamento osmótico aumentou o limite máximo de tolerância ao estresse hídrico. As sementes condicionadas foram mais sensíveis ao envelhecimento precoce.
The objective of this work was to evaluate the efficiency of osmotic conditioning on the tolerance increase of seeds of Chorisia speciosa St. Hil. to water stress and accelerated aging. The seeds previously scarified (punction) were primed in KNO3 (0.1M) solutions at 20ºC during 24 hours. After that, the seeds were dried (at 27ºC) until the initial moisture level, presented before the pre-imbibition, was reached. Primed and non primed seeds were exposed to water stress simulated with PEG 6000 solutions, with 0.0, -0.1, -0.2, -0.3, -0.4, -0.5, -0.6 and -0.7 MPa of osmotic potentials and to accelerated aging at 45ºC and 100% of RU during 0, 24, 48, 72, 96 and 120 hours. The mean values of rate and germination percentage were higher in primed seed than in non primed ones. The tolerance limit to water stress was extended for primed seed. Primed seeds were more sensible to accelerated aging.

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