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Fonseca Grandón, Gonzalo (2016)
Publisher: Revista Pertinencia Académica. ISSN 2588-1019
Journal: Revista Pertinencia Académica
Languages: Spanish; Castilian
Types: Article
THEORETICAL-METHODOLOGICAL ARTICULATION FOR THE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY STUDENT RETENTIONRESUMENEste trabajo, analiza los resultados preliminares de retención estudiantil universitaria de una institución educativa, observados con posterioridad a la implementación de una innovación curricular. En este contexto, se examinan los resultados de investigaciones en torno a la problemática de la retención estudiantil universitaria a partir de dos grandes perspectivas teóricas y metodológicas: la perspectiva funcionalista, representada por investigaciones desarrolladas principalmente en Estados Unidos y la perspectiva fenomenológica, compuesta esencialmente por estudios provenientes de la sociología francesa. A consecuencia de lo anterior, se propone un modelo integral que articula estas dos perspectivas teóricas y metodológicas para abordar el estudio del fenómeno de la retención desde la perspectiva institucional.PALABRAS CLAVE: retención estudiantil; institución universitaria; innovación curricular; perspectiva teórica; perspectiva metodológica; perspectiva funcionalista; fenomenológica.ABSTRACTThis paper analyzes the preliminary results of university student retention of an educational institution, observed after the implementation of a curricular innovation. In this context, we examine the results of research on the problem of university student retention from two major theoretical and methodological perspectives: the functionalist perspective, represented by research developed mainly in the United States and the phenomenological perspective, consisting essentially of Studies coming from French sociology. As a consequence of the above, we propose an integral model that articulates these two theoretical and methodological perspectives to approach the study of the phenomenon of retention from the institutional perspective.KEYWORDS: student retention; University institution; Curricular innovation; Theoretical perspective; Methodological perspective; Functionalist perspective; Phenomenological.
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