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Publisher: Indonesian Computer, Electronics, and Instrumentation Support Society
Journal: IJCCS (Indonesian Journal of Computing and Cybernetics Systems)
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Cybernetics, Electronic computers. Computer science, Q300-390, QA75.5-76.95
Abstrak Era informasi yang semakin berkembang mempengaruhi lingkungan bisnis. Pengaruhnya dapat dilihat pada proses pengambilan keputusan. Proses pengambilan keputusan terhadap sejumlah alternatif dan sejumlah tujuan diselesaikan dengan sebuah sistem. Sistem  yang bermodelkan Multi Attribute Decision Making (MADM) dan Multi Objective Decision Making (MODM). Model MODM digunakan untuk menyelesaikan perancangan alternatif terbaik dan model MADM digunakan untuk menyelesaikan penyeleksian terhadap beberapa alternatif dalam jumlah yang terbatas. Salah satu pendekatan model MADM adalah TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution). Konsep utama TOPSIS adalah alternatif preferensi terbaik memiliki jarak terpendek dari solusi ideal positif dan memiliki jarak terjauh dari solusi ideal negatif. Hasil metode TOPSIS adalah perankingan terhadap sejumlah alternatif. Salah satu masukan dari metode TOPSIS adalah nilai pembobotan kriteria. Nilai pembobotan kriteria dapat diberikan secara langsung oleh pengambil keputusan atau dihitung melalui sebuah metode. Penelitian akan menghitung nilai pembobotan kriteria dengan metode Entropy. Tujuannya adalah untuk memberikan objektifitas pembobotan kriteria. Penelitian mengangkat kasus tentang pengalokasian spare part ke sejumlah store. Alternatif terbaik dengan sumber daya yang terbatas, beberapa tujuan yang saling bertentangan didekati dengan metode Goal programming. Pengambilan keputusan akan lebih terarah karena sistem menghasilkan perankingan store spare part, dan menampilkan  informasi alokasi spare part.   Kata kunci— Sistem Pendukung Keputusan, Entropy, TOPSIS, Goal Programming   Abstract The capabilities of computrized systems facilitate decision support in a number of ways, such as speed computations, increased productivity ,improved data management and others. Decisions are often made by individuals. There may be conflicting objectives even for a  decision maker. The conflicting objectives can be solved by goal programming. Research of spare part allocation focuses on an individual decision maker and presents the solving problem with Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM). A lot of MCDM approaches have been developed and applied to diverse fields, like engineering, management, economic, etc. As one of the known classical MCDM approaches, TOPSIS method is known to be a common method to get the preliminary outcome.  The main concept of TOPSIS is the best alternative has the shortest distance from the positive ideal solution and has the longest distance from the negative ideal solution.  Before the stores are ranked with TOPIS method, the management assigned a weightage to each store using Entropy method.   Keywords— Decision Support Model, Entropy, TOPSIS, Goal Programming.
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