Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:


You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.


Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message


Verify Password:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:

OpenAIRE is about to release its new face with lots of new content and services.
During September, you may notice downtime in services, while some functionalities (e.g. user registration, login, validation, claiming) will be temporarily disabled.
We apologize for the inconvenience, please stay tuned!
For further information please contact helpdesk[at]openaire.eu

fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Oerlemans, J. (1980)
Languages: English
Types: Article
The interaction between continental ice sheets and the planetary radiation budget is potentially important in climate-sensitivity studies. A simple ice-sheet model incorporated in an energybalance climate model provides a tool for studying this interaction in a quantitative way. Experiments in which the ice-sheet model is coupled step by step to the climate model show that ice sheets hardly affect the zonal mean radiation balance because the albedo feedback due to sea ice and snow cover is dominating. The model requires a 5% drop in the solar constant to create ice sheets of ice-age size. If the feedback between surface elevation and ice-mass balance is included (in a very crude way), the ice-sheet size (L, measured southward from 70”N) becomes much more sensitive to in insolation. For a range of normalized solar constants, roughly from 0.98 to 1.02, two stable solutions exist: L = 0 and L = 2000 km. This result demonstrates that the response of ice sheets to insolation variations is far from linear. It also stresses the need for explicit modeling of the ice-mass balance of ice sheets, particularly its dependence on surface elevation.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • Berliand, T. Cl., and Strokina, L. A. (1975). Cloud regime over the globe. In “Proceedings of GGO, Physical Climatology, No. 338, Leningrad.”
    • Birchfield, G. E. (1977). A study of the stability of a mode1 continental ice sheet subject to periodic variations in heat input. Journal of Geophysical Research, 82, 49094913.
    • Budd, W. F., and Radok, U. (1971). Glaciers and other large ice masses. Reports on Progress in Physics 34, l-70.
    • Budyko, M. I. (1%9). The effect of solar radiation variations on the climate of the earth. Tel/us 21, 611-619.
    • CLIMAP (1976). The surface of the ice-age earth. Science 191, 1131- 1137.
    • Ellis, J. S.. and VonderHaar, T. H. (1976). “Zonal Average Earth Radiation Budget Measurements from Satellites for Climate Studies. Atmos. Sci. Paper No. 240, Colorado State University.
    • Gal-Chen, T., and Schneider, S. H. (1976). Energy balance climate modelling: Comparison of radiative and dynamic feedback mechanisms. Tel/us 28, 108-121.
    • Hartmann, D. L., and Short, D. A. (1979). On the role of zonal asymmetries in climate change. Journal of Atmospheric Science 36, 519-528.
    • Houghton, J. T. (1977). “The Physics of Atmospheres.” Cambridge Univ. Press, London/New York.
    • Manabe, S., and Hahn, D. G. (1977). Simulation of the tropical climate of an ice age. Journal of Geophysical Research 27, 3889-3911.
    • North, G. R. (1975). Theory of energy-balance climate models. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 32, 2033-2043.
    • Nye, J. F. (1959). The motion of ice sheets and glaciers. Journal of Glaciology 3, 493-507.
    • Oerlemans, J., and Van den Dool, H. M. (1978). Energy balance climate models: Stability experiments with a refined albedo and updated coefficients for infrared emission. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 35, 371-381.
    • Oort, A. H., and Rasmusson, E. M. (1971). Atmospheric circulation statistics. NOAA Professional Paper 5.
    • Paterson, W.S.B. (1969). “The Physics of Glaciers.” Pergamon, New York.
    • Pollard, D. (1978). An investigation of the astronomical theory of the ice ages using a simple climate-ice sheet model. Nature (London) 272, 233-235.
    • Riehl, H. (1965). “Introduction to the Atmosphere.” McGraw-Hill, New York.
    • Sellers, W. D. (1%9). A global climatic model based on the energy balance of the earth-atmosphere system. Journal of Applied Meteorology 8, 392-400.
    • Weertman, J. (l%l). Stability of ice-age ice sheets. Journal of Geophysical Research 66, 3783-3792.
    • Weertman, 3. (1964). Rate of growth or shrinkage of non-equilibrium ice sheets. Journal of'Glaciolo~~ 6, 145- 158.
    • Weertman, J. (1976). Milankovitch solar radiation variations and ice age ice sheet sizes. Nature (London) 261, 17-20.
    • Williams, J., Barry, R. G., and Washington, W. M. (1974). Simulation of the atmospheric circulation using the NCAR global circulation model with ice age boundary conditions. Journal of Appllrd Meleorology 13, 305 -3 17.
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Collected from

Cookies make it easier for us to provide you with our services. With the usage of our services you permit us to use cookies.
More information Ok