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Nussbaum, Martha C. (2003)
Publisher: DEU
Types: Article
Subjects: Wirtschaft, Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie, Soziologie, Anthropologie, Sociology & anthropology, Social sciences, sociology, anthropology, Economics, Kultursoziologie, Kunstsoziologie, Literatursoziologie, Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung, Allgemeines, spezielle Theorien und Schulen, Methoden, Entwicklung und Geschichte der Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Economics, Cultural Sociology, Sociology of Art, Sociology of Literature, Women's Studies, Feminist Studies, Gender Studies, Frau, berufstätige Frau, Kompetenz, Indien, Lebenssituation, soziale Gerechtigkeit, geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren, Menschenrechte, Menschenbild, Südasien, Entwicklungsland, Asien, woman, working woman, competence, India, life situation, social justice, gender-specific factors, human rights, image of man, South Asia, developing country, Asia, deskriptive Studie, descriptive study
"Nussbaum entwickelt in diesem Artikel ihre Version des Fähigkeitenansatzes. Ausgehend von den Lebensgeschichten zweier indischer Frauen zeigt sie, wie verschiedene normative Konzepte die Veränderungen im Leben dieser Frauen bewerten. Sie benennt die Schwierigkeiten, die jeder interkulturelle Bewertungsrahmen meistern muss, kritisiert die dominierenden ökonomischen Ansätze, wie Pro-Kopf-Einkommen und Präferenzbefriedigung, und begründet, warum ein mit den grundlegenden Rechten und Freiheiten der Menschen verbundener Fähigkeitenansatz der fruchtbarste Ansatz für interkulturelle Zwecke ist." (Autorenreferat) "In this article Nussbaum lays out her version of the capabilities approach, an approach that focuses on what people are actually able to do and to be. Using the narrative method she starts by telling the stories of Vasanti and Jayamma, two Indian women, to illustrate how changes in their lives could be evaluated. Concepts like 'quality of life' and 'development' need a normative framework that crosses cultural boundaries. Nussbaum addresses the worries that arise when we attempt to use any cross-cultural framework in talking about improvements in women's lives. Then she criticises dominant economic accounts of norms and goals like GNP per capita and preference-satisfaction. Finally she argues that the capabilities approach is the most fruitful for cross-cultural purposes, showing that it has good answers to the problems that plague the other approaches." (author's abstract)
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