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López Beltrán, María Isabel (2016)
Publisher: Universitat Jaume I
Languages: Spanish; Castilian
Types: Master thesis
Subjects: Màster Universitari en Psicologia General Sanitària, Máster Universitario en Psicología General Sanitaria, Master's Degree in General Health Psychology, Educación sexual, Relaciones padres-hijos, Sexualidad
Treball Final de Màster Universitari en Psicologia General Sanitària. Codi: SBF018. Curs: 2015/2016 La educación sexual es un proceso que tiene lugar a lo largo de diferentes etapas de la vida y se expresa de diferentes maneras y dependiendo de diversos factores, siendo los padres y las madres uno de sus agentes principales de transmisión de información, actitudes y valores. Objetivo. Analizar descriptivamente distintos aspectos de la educación sexual de padres y madres con hijos/as de hasta 18 años. Método. Un total de 81 participantes, los cuales son padres y madres, han respondido a un cuestionario on-line de autoinforme que recoge diferentes creencias, opiniones y actitudes acerca de la sexualidad y educación sexual. Resultados. Los padres y las madres han mostrado una actitud favorable ante la sexualidad y educación sexual, aunque un porcentaje considerable ha indicado no haber tratado la educación sexual con sus hijo/as debido a que consideran que no tiene la edad apropiada (84,3%). En el caso de haber ofrecido educación sexual, se ha tratado principalmente el uso de anticonceptivos (70,9%), el embarazo (62,5%) y las infecciones de transmisión sexual (64,3%) y se han hallado escasas diferencias en función del género, estado civil, nivel educativo o tipo de centro educativo al que asisten los hijos/as. Discusión. Existe mayor concienciación sobre la educación sexual respecto al pasado aunque es conveniente ofrecer formación específica a padres y madres acerca de algunos temas relacionados con la sexualidad y educación sexual, así como flexibilizar determinados conceptos. Sex education is a process which takes place along different stages of life and is expressed in different ways, depending on various factors. Parents are one of the main agents of information transmission, attitudes and values related to sexuality. Objective. Analyze descriptively different aspects of sex education in reference to parents of children up to 18 years old. Method. A total of 81 participants, who all of them are parents, have responded to a self-report on-line questionnaire which collects different beliefs, opinions and attitudes about sexuality and sex education. Results. Parents have shown a favorable attitude towards sexuality and sexual education, although a significant percentage indicated not providing sex education to their children yet because they believe that their children have not the appropriate age to receive it (84.3%). In the case of having offered sex education has mainly dealt with the contraceptive use (70.9%), pregnancy (62.5%) and sexually transmitted infections (64.3%). Little difference in gender, marital status, educational level or type of school their children attend, have been found. Discussion. There is greater awareness of sex education over the past although it is appropriate to provide specific training to parents about some issues related to sexuality and sexual education, as well as make flexible some concepts.
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