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Revetria Betancor, Malbinia; Sarkissián, Paula; Rodríguez Alamada, Hugo (2017)
Types: Article
Subjects: Medicina legal, Ciencias de la salud, UNESCO::CIENCIAS MÉDICAS
El hara kiri es una forma de suicidio cuyo origen se encuentra en la cultura medieval japonesa. Es muy poco frecuente en el Japón contemporáneo y excepcional en Occidente, generalmente asociados a la esquizofrenia. Se presenta un caso de suicidio por este método ocurrido en Uruguay por un varón adulto sin vinculación con la cultura japonesa, con antecedentes de un intento de suicidio anterior por el mismo método, y se realiza una puesta al día del tema. El análisis de los hallazgos del lugar del hecho, la autopsia judicial y la autopsia psicológica permitió determinar la etiología médico-legal y la aproximación al estado mental de la víctima al momento de consumar el acto suicida. Si bien este método nacido de un ritual japonés de la clase samurái es sumamente infrecuente, sigue sorprendiendo a los forenses occidentales. Hara-kiri is a form of suicide originated in the Japanese medieveal culture. It is rather unusual in the current Japan and exceptional in the western civilization, and is typically associated to schizophrenia. The study presents a suicide case by hara-kiri that took place in Uruguay, as well as update on this issue. The case consists of male adult with no particular connection with the Japanese culture, who had a history of a previous suicide attempt with the same method. Analysis of the findings in the death scene, the judicial and psychological autopsies enabled experts to determine the medical-legal etiology and to learn about the mental condition of the victim upon the consummation of the suicidal act. In spite of this method grounded on a Samurai Japanese ritual being rather unusual, it still puzzles forensics in the western world.
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