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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Sadowsky, Scott; Martínez-Gamboa, Ricardo (2012)
Types: Other
Subjects: Frequency list, Spanish, Chilean Spanish, Corpus, Lexical frequency
LIFCACH 2.0 Word Frequency List of Chilean Spanish (Lista de Frecuencias de Palabras del Castellano de Chile), version 2.0 More information, as well as the Spanish version of this document, is available in the included README file. 1. Description The Word Frequency List of Chilean Spanish (LIFCACH) is a set of 102 frequency lists derived from the sub-corpora of the Corpus Dinámico del Castellano de Chile (Dynamic Corpus of Chilean Spanish, CODICACH), a database of contemporary written1 Chilean Spanish developed by Sadowsky between 1997 and 2002; this corpus contained approximately 450 million words when the LIFCACH was created2. The LIFCACH also contains a non-weighted list of total frequencies (the Total Occurrences column), which is the sum of the frequencies of the 102 individual lists (in other words, the list of frequencies of the entire CODICACH corpus.) The CODICACH is an opportunistic corpus with a bias toward press-based sources; it does not seek to be a BNC-style representative sampling of the overall written language. The modular nature of the CODICACH and of the 102 individual LIFCACH lists, however, allows researchers to use one or more of these lists alone, to combine them as needed, or to create their own frequency lists for Chilean Spanish by weighting each of the LIFCACH’s individual lists as they see fit. The LIFCACH 2.0 contains 476,776 lemmas3 derived from the approximately 4.5 million types found in the 450 million running words contained in the CODICACH at the time the lists were created. 2. Creation of the LIFCACH The steps in creating the LIFCACH were as follows: Type frequency lists based on the running words of each of the 102 sub-corpora of the CODICACH were generated. Each type frequency list was lemmatized and POS-tagged using the Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya’s MS-Tools v2.04. Lemmas with a frequency of 1 were removed (approximately 300,000) in the case of the …No-Hapax.xlsx version. Eliminating these was considered an acceptable trade-off in exchange for a far more manageable file size. The resulting lemma frequency lists were assembled and total occurrences were calculated. An important caveat regarding this methodology must be mentioned. The use of type frequency lists instead of running words in the POS tagging and lemmatizing process was a practical necessity, due to the speed of the software used and the computing resources available at the time the LIFCACH was created. However, this reduced the accuracy of the lemmatization process by eliminating context. As a result, the software had to analyze words such as canto without the information required to decide if a given instance of this word is a form of the verb cantar or the noun canto. It should also be noted that the lemmatizing and tagging software that was used is based on European Spanish, a national dialect that is rather removed from Chilean Spanish. 3. Part of Speech Categories The following are the POS codes used in the frequency lists: AJ = Adjective AV = Adverb C = Conjunction D = Determiner I = Interjection N = Noun, Common NG = Noun, Geographic (Toponym) NP = Noun, Proper PN = Pronoun PP = Preposition SG = Abbreviation V = Verb 4. List of Sources Each frequency list in the LIFCACH is derived from a different sub-corpus of the CODICACH. The codes used for these lists are as follows: ACAD_CCAA = Academic Texts - Applied Sciences ACAD_CCNN = Academic Texts - Natural Sciences ACAD_CCSS = Academic Texts - Social Sciences ACAD_Hum = Academic Texts - Humanities DIAR_CEN_Estrella_Valpo = Newspaper – Central Chile – Estrella de Valparaíso DIAR_CEN_Gran_Valpo = Newspaper – Central Chile – Gran Valparaíso DIAR_CEN_Lider_San_Antonio = Newspaper – Central Chile – El Líder, San Antonio DIAR_CEN_Mercurio_Valpo = Newspaper – Central Chile – El Mercurio, Valparaíso DIAR_NOR_Estrella_Arica = Newspaper – North Chile – La Estrella, Arica DIAR_NOR_Estrella_Iquique = Newspaper – North Chile – La Estrella, Iquique DIAR_NOR_Estrella_Loa = Newspaper – North Chile – La Estrella, Loa DIAR_NOR_Estrella_Norte_Antofagasta = Newspaper – North Chile – La Estrella, Antofagasta DIAR_NOR_Mercurio_Antofagasta = Newspaper – North Chile – El Mercurio, Antofagasta DIAR_NOR_Mercurio_Calama = Newspaper – North Chile – El Mercurio, Calama DIAR_NOR_Nortino_Iquique = Newspaper – North Chile – El Nortino, Iquique DIAR_SAN_Cuarta = Newspaper – Santiago – La Cuarta DIAR_SAN_Estrategia = Newspaper – Santiago – Estrategia DIAR_SAN_Firme = Newspaper – Santiago – La Firme DIAR_SAN_Mercurio = Newspaper – Santiago – El Mercurio DIAR_SAN_Metropolitano = Newspaper – Santiago – El Metropolitano DIAR_SAN_Mostrador = Newspaper – Santiago – El Mostrador DIAR_SAN_Primera_Linea = Newspaper – Santiago – Primera Línea DIAR_SAN_Primera_Pagina-El_Area = Newspaper – Santiago – Primera Página / El Área DIAR_SAN_Segunda = Newspaper – Santiago – La Segunda DIAR_SAN_Tercera = Newspaper – Santiago – La Tercera DIAR_SAN_Ultimas_Noticias = Newspaper – Santiago – Las Últimas Noticias DIAR_SUR_Austral_Osorno = Newspaper – South Chile – Austral, Osorno DIAR_SUR_Austral_Temuco = Newspaper – South Chile – Austral, Temuco DIAR_SUR_Austral_Valdivia = Newspaper – South Chile – Austral, Valdivia DIAR_SUR_Cronica = Newspaper – South Chile – Crónica DIAR_SUR_El_Sur = Newspaper – South Chile – El Sur DIAR_SUR_Enc_BioBio = Newspaper – South Chile – Enciclop. Bío-Bío DIAR_SUR_Llanquihue_Pto_Montt = Newspaper – South Chile – El Llanquihue, Pto. Montt ESPER_CartasDirector = Personal Writings – Letters to Editor ESPER_ForosInet = Personal Writings – Internet Site Forums ESPER_Clasificados = Personal Writings – Classified Ads ESPER_ForosMedios = Personal Writings – Media Forums ESPER_Usenet = Personal Writings – Usenet LEX_Jurisprudencia = Legal – Jurisprudence LEX_Leyes = Legal – Laws LEX_Libros = Legal – Law Books LEX_Misc = Legal – Miscellaneous LIBR_Ficcion = Books – Fiction LIBR_NoFiccion = Books – Non-Fiction OBRC_CandiaCares_DicoCoa = Reference Works – Dictionary of Coa OBRC_GonzalezParra_ManualProvrb = Reference Works – Book of Chilean Proverbs ORAL_Entrevistas_Lgtcas = Oral – Linguistic Interviews ORAL_TV = Oral – Television PUB_Misc = Advertising – General 1 PUB_Publicidad = Advertising – General 2 REV_CMP_ChileTech = Magazine – Computers – ChileTech REV_CMP_CompuChile = Magazine – Computers – CompuChile REV_CMP_ComputerWorld = Magazine – Computers – ComputerWorld REV_CMP_Informatica = Magazine – Computers – Informática REV_CMP_Infoweek = Magazine – Computers – Infoweek REV_CMP_Internet21 = Magazine – Computers – Internet21 REV_CMP_Mouse = Magazine – Computers – Mouse REV_DEP_All = Magazine – Sports REV_ESP_Capital = Magazine – Specialty – Capital REV_ESP_CiudadArquitectura = Magazine – Specialty – CiudadArquitectura REV_ESP_Conicyt = Magazine – Specialty – Conicyt Scientific REV_ESP_CopropInmob = Magazine – Specialty – Copropiedad Inmobiliaria REV_ESP_DiarioSocCivil = Magazine – Specialty – Diario de la Sociedad Civil REV_ESP_Educar = Magazine – Specialty – Educar REV_ESP_LemuChile = Magazine – Specialty – LemuChile REV_ESP_Lignum = Magazine – Specialty – Lignum REV_ESP_Mensaje = Magazine – Specialty – Mensaje REV_ESP_Notas_CESAF = Magazine – Specialty – Notas CESAF REV_ESP_Publimark = Magazine – Specialty – Publimark REV_ESP_Rev_Inf_Musical = Magazine – Specialty – Revista Musical REV_ESP_Rev_Scielo = Magazine – Specialty – Scielo Scientific REV_ESP_Rev_Social = Magazine – Specialty – Revista Social REV_ESP_Rev_Trabajo_Social = Magazine – Specialty – Revista de Trabajo Social REV_ESP_RevChil_Cirujia = Magazine – Specialty – Revista Chilena de Cirujía REV_ESP_Revistas_Industriales = Magazine – Specialty – Industrial Magazines REV_ESP_Sidhartha = Magazine – Specialty – Siddhartha REV_GEN_Asuntos_Publicos = Magazine – General – Asuntos Públicos REV_GEN_Cosas = Magazine – General – Cosas REV_GEN_Cultura_Urbana = Magazine – General – Cultura Urbana REV_GEN_El_Siglo = Magazine – General – El Siglo REV_GEN_Ercilla = Magazine – General – Ercilla REV_GEN_Hacer_Familia = Magazine – General – Hacer Familia REV_GEN_Man = Magazine – General – Man REV_GEN_Mujer_a_mujer = Magazine – General – Mujer a mujer REV_GEN_Nos = Magazine – General – Nos REV_GEN_Puerto_Paralelo = Magazine – General – Puerto Paralelo REV_GEN_Punto_Final = Magazine – General – Punto Final REV_GEN_Que_Pasa = Magazine – General – Qué Pasa REV_GEN_Revista_ED = Magazine – General – Revista ED REV_GEN_Rocinante = Magazine – General – Rocinante REV_INF_Dirigible = Magazine – Children’s – Dirigible REV_INF_Icarito = Magazine – Children’s – Icarito REV_INF_Papas_Fritas = Magazine – Children’s – Papas Fritas REV_INF_Volare = Magazine – Children’s – Volare REV_JUV_All = Magazines – Youth REV_LOC_All = Magazines – Local RVDI_ECN_Diario_PyME = Financial Mags & Newspapers – Diario PyME RVDI_ECN_El_Diario = Financial Mags & Newspapers – El Diario RVDI_ECN_Emprendedores = Financial Mags & Newspapers – Emprendedores RVDI_ECN_Negocios_Ambientales = Financial Mags & Newspapers – Negoc. Ambientales SIT_INS_All = Government Sites 1 SIT_INS_Old = Government Sites 2 NOTES 1 Although the CODICACH does contain two oral corpora, ORAL_Entrevistas_Lgtcas and ORAL_TV, these are of such negligible size that the CODICACH must be considered a corpus of written Spanish. 2 The CODICACH currently contains approximately 850 million words. 3 This is the number of non-hapax lemmas. The total number of lemmas in the LIFCACH, including hapax legomena, is 844,370. 4 MS-Tools was the predecessor of FreeLing.
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