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Victoria Mena, Carlos Alfonso (2014)
Publisher: Maestría en Historia
Languages: Spanish; Castilian
Types: Master thesis
Subjects: Cimarrones - Historia - Región Caribe - Colombia, Negros - Colombia - Historia, Negros - Identidad Racial, Negros - Vida social y costumbres
Los procesos de poblamiento y colonización en la cuenca media del valle geográfico del río Cauca, desde el siglo XVIII hasta finales del siglo XIX, dan cuenta de varios fenómenos de los que se debe ocupar la historiografía para desarrollar hipótesis asociadas a tipologías de frontera, como la cimarrona, que de algunas manera se pueden interpretar como rasgos de la configuración de hegemonías comunales y, por tanto, interpelar los enfoques que le otorgan a la colonización antioqueña un carácter totalizante. Los olvidos y silencios sobre el trasfondo cultural, social, económico y simbólico de la frontera cimarrona de la cual hicieron parte Sopinga y mucho más tarde Cañaveral del Carmen, en la confluencia de los ríos Cauca y Risaralda, son en sí mismo el problema central de nuestra investigación y reflexión historiográfica con el objetivo de establecer los efectos que produjo la colonización empresarial que dio origen a una frontera agroexportadora con pretensiones de civilizar y modernizar el territorio. El modelo explicativo adoptado para abordar el estudio de este fenómeno se basó en analizar los tipos de colonización y frontera en el valle del Risaralda, y en particular acoger la tesis de frontera-refugio, desde la cual es posible no solo contrastar el concepto de frontera agrícola, sino interpretar la configuración de una frontera cimarrona a través de la constitución de Palenques a lo largo de los ríos Magdalena y Cauca, como se observa en este trabajo. La historia oficial del valle del Risaralda está contenida en novelas y relatos, como resultado de los productos culturales de la frontera empresarial. De ahí que su análisis a la luz del uso de fuentes primarias y conceptos teóricos acogidos, permitieron apropiar una reflexión asociada al problema de los olvidos, silencios, negaciones y ocultamientos propios de unas narrativas que, de manera u otra, se congraciaron con las voces de los vencedores. The processes of settlement and colonization in the middle basin of geographic Cauca valley, from the eighteenth century to the late nineteenth century, account for several phenomena that must be dealt historiography to develop hypotheses associated with types of border, as the Cimarron typology that some way can be interpreted as features of hegemonies communal settings and therefore challenged approaches that give a totalizing colonization of Antioquia character. The forgetfulness and silence on the cultural, social, economic and symbolic background of Cimarron border which were part Sopinga and much later Canaveral del Carmen, at the confluence of the rivers Cauca and Risaralda, are themselves the central problem of our historical research and reflection in order to establish the effects that corporate colonization occurred that gave rise to an agricultural export border claims of civilizing and modernizing the territory. The explanatory model adopted for the study of this phenomenon was based on analyzing the types of colonization and border in the valley of Risaralda, and particularly welcome the thesis-border refuge, from which it is possible not only to test the concept of border setting, but to interpret the configuration of a Cimarron border through the establishment of Palenques along the Magdalena and Cauca rivers, as observed in this work. The official history of the valley of Risaralda is contained in novels and stories as a result of the cultural products of the business frontier. Hence its analysis in light of the use of primary sources and theoretical concepts welcomed, allowed to appropriate reflection problem associated with forgetfulness, silence, denial and concealment of a narrative own that, somehow or other, to ingratiate himself with the voices of the victors.
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