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Arana D., Carlos; Echevarría C., Luisa; Segura C., Julia (2012)
Publisher: Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos
Languages: Spanish; Castilian
Types: Article
Subjects: Intervalo parto-primera ovulación; intervalo parto-primer servicio; intervalo parto-concepción., calving to first ovulation interval, calving to first service interval, calving to conception interval
Se realizó un seguimiento reproductivo en 40 vacas lecheras del valle delMantaro (Junín, Perú), pertenecientes a 6 establos, durante la época lluviosa. Se determinó el intervalo parto-primera ovulación (IPPO), el intervalo parto-primer servicio (IPPS), y el intervalo parto-concepción (IPC), midiendo el efecto de raza, número de parto, producción de leche, establo y nivel tecnológico. El IPPO se determinó a través de niveles de progesterona mediante radioinmunoensayo en muestras de leche descremada. El intervalo observado entre el parto y la primera ovulación (41.2 ± 20.2 días) estuvo dentro de los rangos esperados para bovinos de producción de leche criados bajo las condiciones del presente estudio. Sin embargo, los intervalos entre el parto al primer servicio (118.4 ± 69.2) y a la concepción (171.3 ± 105.5 días) fueronmuy prolongados, debido posiblemente a problemas en la detección del celo y limitantes nutricionales. El nivel tecnológico de los establos fue la única variable de importancia que afectó el intervalo parto-primer servicio. A reproductive study was conducted in the El Mantaro valley, Junín, Peru. Forty milking cows from 6 farms were monitored during the rainy season. The effect of breed, parity, milk yield, farm, and technological level on the interval fromcalving to first ovulation (CFOI), to first service (CFSI), and to conception (CCI) were evaluated. CFOI was determined through progesterone radioimmunoassayconcentration in defatted milk.CFOI was within the expected range for dairy cattle (41.2 ± 20.2 days); however, CFSI (118.4 ± 69.2) and CCI (171.3 ± 105.5 days) were too long, possibly due to heat detection failures and nutritional constraints. Farm technological level was the only variable of importance that affected CFSI.