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Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: :Enginyeria química [Àrees temàtiques de la UPC], Polyesters, Polièsters
Identifiers:doi:10.1021/ma3013288
2,4:3,5-Di-O-methylene-D-mannitol, abbreviated as Manx, is a D-mannitol-derived compound with the secondary hydroxyl groups acetalized with formaldehyde. The bicyclic structure of Manx consists of two fused 1,3-dioxane rings, with two primary hydroxyl groups standing free for reaction. A homopolyester made of Manx and dimethyl terephthalate as well as a set of copolyesters of poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) in which 1,4-butanediol was replaced by Manx up to 50% were synthesized and characterized. The polyesters had Mw in the 30 000−52 000 g mol−1 range and a random microstructure and were thermally stable up to nearly 370 °C. They displayed outstanding high Tg with values from 55 to 137 °C which steadily increased with the content in Manx. Copolyesters containing up to 40% of Manx were semicrystalline and adopted the crystal structure of PBT. Their stress− strain parameters were sensitively affected by the presence of carbohydrate-based units with elongation at break decreasing but tensile strength and elastic moduli steadily increasing with the degree of replacement. Peer Reviewed

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