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Madeira, Sofia; Pileggi, Vicky; Souza, João Paulo (2017)
Publisher: BioMed Central
Journal: Systematic Reviews
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Protocol
Background Studies show that a large number of women around the world have experienced situations of abuse, disrespect, abuse, and neglect during childbirth and/or abortion. This violence is a serious violation of the rights of women, especially because it is a period in which the woman is more physiologically, socially, and psychologically vulnerable. Although this type of violence is known, there is still no international consensus on the definition of such violence and its prevalence is not known. In this sense, this systematic review aims (1) to find quantitative data about abuse and disrespect in obstetric care (delivery and/or abortion) in Latin America and the Caribbean to estimate the average prevalence of this type of abuse and (2) to identify interventions—including programs, laws, and regulations—which have been implemented to prevent or respond to abuse and disrespect in childbirth process and abortion situation, evaluating its effectiveness on a global scale. Methods For this, we will use a refined and pre-established strategy to search databases such as PubMed, Embase, LILACS, and Scielo, and the studies found will pass through a selection process to complete the screening stage. Discussion Data will be extracted using standardized forms with the following information: scope of study, sample characteristics, objectives, design, data collection, methods of analysis, data source, and results. Considering the heterogeneity of the definitions of abuse, disrespect, and mistreatment of women in labor or abortion, it may not be possible to carry out the meta-analysis of the frequency of events reported in the included articles. Events reported by the original articles will be classified according to a typology of abuse, disrespect, and maltreatment in the labor or abortion process described by Bohren et al. (PLoS Med, 2015). Systematic review registration PROSPERO CRD42016038651 Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s13643-017-0516-5) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1.Bohren MA, Vogel JP, Hunter EC, Lutsiv O, Makh SK, Souza JP, Aguiar C, Coneglian FS, Diniz AL, Tunçalp Ö, Javadi D, Oladapo OT, Khosla R, Hindin M, Gülmezoglu AM. The Mistreatment of women during childbirth in healthy facilities globally: a mixed-methods systematic review. PLoS Med. 2015. .
    • 2.Castro, R. Génesis y práctica del habitus médico autoritario en México. Revista Mexicana de Sociología. 2014;76(2).
    • 3.D’Oliveira AF, Diniz SG, Schraiber LB. Violence against women in health-care institutions: an emerging problem. Lancet. 2002;359(9318):1681–85.
    • 4.Hotimsky SN. A violência institucional no parto no processo de formação médica em obstetrícia. I ENADIR – Encontro Nacional de Antropologia do Direito. Brasil: Universidade de São Paulo; 2009.
    • 5.Parto Do Princípio - Mulheres em Rede pela Maternidade Ativa. Dossiê: “Parirás com dor”. Brasília, Brazil; 2012.
    • 6.Silal SP, Penn-Kekana L, Harris B, Birch S, Mcintyre D. Exploring inequalities in access to and use of maternal health services in South Africa. BMC Health Serv Res. 2012;21:12–120.
    • 7.Small R, Yelland J, Lumley J, Brown S, Liamputtong P. Immigrant women’s views about care during labor and birth: an Australian study of Vietnamese, Turkish, and Filipino women. Birth. 2002;29(4):266–77.
    • Swahnberg, K, Schei, B, Hilden, M, Halmesmaki, E, Sidenius, K, Steingrimsdottir, T, Wijma, B. Patients’ experiences of abuse in health care: a Nordic study on prevalence and associated factors in gynecological patients. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica. 2007; 86: 349-356
    • 9.Castro R. Habitus profesional y ciudadanía. In: Castro, Roberto; Gómez, Alejandra López. Poder médico y ciudadanía: el conflicto social de los profesionales de la salud con los derechos reproductivos en América Latina. Avances y desafíos en la investigación regional. Montevideo: Universidad de la República; México: UNAM, CRIM; 2010.
    • 10.Organização Das Nações Unidas (ONU). Nova York: Declaração Universal dos Direitos Humanos; 1948.
    • 11.World Health Organization (WHO). The prevention and elimination of disrespect and abuse during facility-based childbirth. 2014. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/134588/1/WHO_ RHR_14.23_eng.pdf?ua=1&ua=1.
    • 12.Bohren MA, Hunter EC, Munther-Kaas HM, Souza JP, Vogel JP, Gulmezoglu AM. Facilitators and barriers to facility-based delivery in low and middle-income countries: A systematic review of qualitative evidence. Reprod Health 2014. .
    • 13.Silva AP, GÓIS, João Bôsco Hora. Entre a acusação e a aceitação: um estudo das percepções de uma equipe de saúde sobre a mulher gestante com HIV/Aids. Niterói, 2011;11(2):9–28.
    • 14.Freedman LP, Ramsey K, Abuya T, Bellows B, Ndwisa C, Warren CE, Kujawski S, Moyo W, Kruk ME, Mbaruku G. Defining disrespect and abuse of women in childbirth: a research, policy and rights agenda. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2014;21:20. .
    • 15.Windau-Melmer T. A G uide for Advocating for Respectful Maternity Care. Washington: Futures Group, Health Policy Project; 2013.
    • 16.Sampaio R F, Mancini M C. Estudos de Revisão Sistemática: um guia para síntese criteriosa da evidência científica. Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia. 2007;11(1):83–89.
    • 17.The Cochrane Collaboration. Tutorial Review Manager (REVMAN) 5. Curso Cochrane de Postgrado. 2002;29(4):266–77. http://tech.cochrane.org/revman/documentation.
    • 18.Moher D, Shamseer L, Clarke M, Ghersi D, Liberati A, Petticrew M, Shekelle P, Stewart L, PRISMA-P Group. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement. Syst Rev. 2015; 4:1. .
    • 19.Shamseer L, Moher D, Clarke M, Ghersi D, Liberati A, Petticrew M, Shekelle P, Stewart L, PRISMA-P Group. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015: elaboration and explanation. BMJ. 2015; 349:g7647.
  • Discovered through pilot similarity algorithms. Send us your feedback.

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