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fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
(2009)
Publisher: Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at UCL
Languages: English
Types: Book
Subjects:
Sports medicine has grown in importance and visibility in recent years, yet as a discipline it struggled to gain broad recognition within the medical profession from c.1952 until specialty status was granted in 2005. It has also been neglected by historians: we have little beyond the image of a coach with his ‘magic sponge’ as a cure for all injuries, although the late twentieth-century picture is of new specialists developing high-tech interventions for elite athletes. This Witness Seminar arose from the Wellcome Trust-funded project on ‘Sport and Medicine in Britain, 1920–2000’ at the University of Manchester and examined the establishment of a recognizably modern specialty. Chaired by Professor Domhnall MacAuley, topics addressed included the importance of the 1948 London Olympics; the first 4-minute mile; training and altitude physiology; the postwar institutionalization of sports medicine; the relationship between the different main bodies involved in sport and their aims; the changing practice of professionals including physiotherapists, etc.; the relationship of NHS and private sports medicine practitioners and insurance companies; and the key debates within the sports medicine community over the period. Contributors include: Sir Roger Bannister, Dr Malcolm Bottomley, Dr Ian Burney, Professor John Elfed Davies, Professor Charles Galasko, Dr Robin Harland, Dr Vanessa Heggie, Mr Barry Hill, Professor Michael Hobsley, Dr Michael Hutson, Professor Monty Losowsky, Professor Domhnall Macauley (chair), Mrs Rose Macdonald, Professor Donald Macleod, Professor Moira O’Brien, Dr Malcolm Read, Professor Peter Sperryn, Professor Harry Thomason, Dr Dan Tunstall Pedoe and Mrs Sally Williams.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • ABC of Sports Medicine (McLatchie et al., 1995), xxv-xxvi
    • Advisory Sports Council, 15, 23-4
    • alcohol ban, 4
    • altitude research, 33-6 training, 34, 35, 92
    • American Board of Medical Specialties, 38
    • American College of Sports Medicine, 37
    • Arsenal Football Club, 87
    • Association Internationale MedicoSportive (AIMS), 18, 25
    • Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sports Medicine (ACPSM), 30, 49, 131
    • athletes, 5, 9, 11 continuing medical services, 42, 43-4, 45-6, 47-9 insurance, 50, 53-4 medical testing, 38, 48, 62, 91-3
    • Athletic News, 5
    • athletics, 11, 12-15 continuing medical support, 45-6, 47-9 statistics, 13 team doctors, 40-6, 47, 50
    • Australia, 68, 89
    • British Amateur Athletic Board (BAAB) medical officers, 36, 40, 42, 48, 50 medical services, 42-3, 45-6, 48-9 research studies, 34, 36
    • British Association of Manipulative Medicine (BAMM), 52
    • British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences (BASES), 89
    • British Association of Sport and Medicine (BASM) (British Association of Sport and Exercise Medicine, BASEM, from 1999), xxiii-xxiv, 10, 28, 29, 30, 91, 131 altitude training symposium, 33 breakaway organization, 53, 54-5, 79 committee meetings, 19 conferences, 22-3, 30, 31-2, 40 doctors-only membership, 90, 91 early years (1960s), xxiv, 18-19, 22 education/training, xxiv, 64, 66-7, 69, 70-1, 73 Ergonomics Research Society and, 33 FIMS affiliation, xxiv, 54 ifnances, 22, 23, 32 foundation, xxiii, 3, 8, 15, 16 ISM foundation and, 25 journal see British Journal of Sports Medicine members, 38, 62, 74, 89 multidisciplinary membership, 25, 55, 66 name, 8, 90, 131 negotiations with BMJ Publishing, 56, 57-9, 90 NSMI establishment and, 65 numbers of members, xxvi, 55 regional groups, xxiv, 30, 31, 40, 69 Scotland, 30, 69, 70
    • British Association of Trauma in Sport (BATS), xxvi, 53, 54-5, 79
    • British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), 12-13, 17
    • British Cycling Federation, 20
    • British Institute of Musculoskeletal Medicine (BIMM), 51, 52, 131
    • British Journal of Sports Medicine, 56-9, 131 ifrst issue, 33 move to BMJ Publishing, 56, 57-9, 90 Robson's editorship, xxiv, 16, 19, 56 Sperryn's editorship, 56-8, 59 Tunstall Pedoe's editorship, 58, 59
    • British Medical Journal (BMJ), xxvxxvi, 3, 58
    • British Olympic Association (BOA), xxvii, 6, 132 ISM foundation, 25 medical advisory committee, 46, 74, 91-2 medical research, 33-4, 35 NSMI establishment and, 65
    • British Olympic Medical Centre (BOMC) (Olympic Medical Institute from 1999), xxvi, 62, 74, 80, 81, 91-3, 132
    • British Olympic Medical Trust, 92
    • British Orthopaedics Sports Trauma Association (BOSTA), 54
    • Brunel University, Uxbridge, 25, 69, 78
    • BSc courses, 73, 74, 90
    • bull's eye, four-minute, 13
    • BUPA health insurance, 78
    • BUPA Wellness Musculoskeletal Medicine Clinic, 79
    • Butterworth, 56, 60
    • Butterworth-Heinemann, 56
    • Camden Road Rehabilitation Centre, London, 28
    • cardiology, 6
    • careers within NHS, 21-2, 26-8, 87-8 outside NHS in private practice, 77-9, 80-1
    • Central Council for Physical Recreation (CCPR), 23, 132
    • Central Council of Recreative Physical Training, 6
    • Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (CSP), 43
    • chiropractic treatment, 52
    • chondromalacia patella, 22
    • Ciba-Geigy, 31
    • clinics, sports, xxiv, 50-1 NHS see National Health Service (NHS) clinics private, xxiv, 50, 79, 80
    • Commonwealth Games, 41, 47, 50, 70
    • Conference of Royal Colleges and Faculties (Academy of Medical Royal Colleges from 1996), xxvi, 75, 76, 91
    • conferences, xxiv, 18, 20, 30, 31-2, 38-40 Duke of Edinburgh (1970s), 78, 87 injury prevention, 61-2 see also World Congress of Sports Medicine
    • cricket, 48, 74
    • Crusader Insurance, 50
    • Crystal Palace Sports Injury Centre, xxiv, 47-8, 68, 69-70, 89, 132-3
    • CT (computed tomography) scans, 51
    • cycling, 19-20, 43
    • Czechoslovakia, 15
    • Everest expedition, 33, 34, 35-6
    • Exercise, Benefits, Limits and Adaptations (Macleod et al.), 62
    • exercise physiology research, 6, 7, 8, 11, 34-6 training course syllabus, 71, 72
    • Faculty of Sport and Exercise Medicine (FSEM), xxvi-xxvii, 30, 42, 75, 76, 90, 91
    • Farnham Park Rehabilitation Centre, Slough, 19, 133
    • fartlek, 15
    • Fédération Internationale de Médicine du Sport (FIMS) (International Federation of Sports Medicine; IFSM), 133-4 British/Irish involvement, xxiv, 18, 38, 52-3, 54, 55 education commission, 52, 53, 55 foundation, 6, 18 Loughborough conference (1975), 40 name changes, 18, 25 northwest European chapter, 52-3 publications, 59-60 training courses, 24-5, 38, 54, 69-70 see also World Congress of Sports Medicine, Oxford
    • Fédération Internationale de Natation Association (FINA), 37-8
    • Fédération Internationale MedicoSportive et Cientifique, 18
    • Field Events (Canham), 13, 14
    • Finland, 53
    • First World War, 6, 23
    • iftness, 6, 7, 23
    • Fitness for the Average Man (Abrahams), 10, 11-12, 15
    • football (soccer), 4, 9, 48, 78, 87
    • Gardens Health Club, London, 79
    • general internal medicine, 26-7
    • general practitioners (GPs), 9, 18, 25 free journal, 61 general practice training course, 50 Section 63 training courses, 25, 70 sports medicine training, 25, 64, 67, 68, 69-70, 72 team doctors, 46
    • Germany, 7, 8, 37, 47
    • Glasgow, xxv, 25, 30, 70, 73-4
    • Goldsmith's College, London, 18, 20
    • Greater London Council (GLC), xxvi, 24, 62-4, 68
    • Guy's Hospital, London, 27, 87
    • injuries, sports, 27, 31, 49 conflicting concepts, 87 musculoskeletal medicine, 52 overuse, 7, 84, 86, 87 prevention, 39, 61-2 referrals, 44, 45, 46 support services, 42, 43-4, 45, 47 training course, 72 treatment methods, 17, 29 see also clinics, sports; National Health Service (NHS) clinics
    • Injuries and Sport (Heald), 6
    • Institute of Orthopaedic Medicine (IOM), 52
    • Institute of Sports Medicine (ISM) (Institute of Sports and Exercise Medicine, ISEM, from 2005), 28-30, 74-7, 89, 134 drug testing, 19-20 Faculty of Sport and Exercise Medicine and, xxvi-xxvii, 91 foundation, xxv, 25-6 meetings, 74, 77 period of inactivity, 29-30, 74-5 Prince Philip award dinner, 75, 76 research committee, 28-9, 87 training course development, xxv, 72, 89
    • Institutes of Sport, national, 90, 91
    • insurance for athletes, 50, 53-4 companies, specialist recognition, 78-9
    • Intercollegiate Academic Board of Sport and Exercise Medicine (IABSEM), xxvi-xxvii, 71, 73, 83, 91
    • Intermittent High-Intensity Exercise (Macleod et al.), 62
    • International Athletes' Club (IAC), 44, 45, 47-8, 50
    • International Athletics Annual, 13
    • London Hospital Medical College (Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of London from 1995), 88, 90
    • London marathon, 62-3
    • London Sports Medicine Institute (LSMI), xxvi, 63-6, 90, 134 foundation, 29, 63-5 funding, 63-4, 68, 80 logo, 66 NSMI transition, 65-6 training course, 64-5, 67, 69, 72
    • Loughborough University, 18-19, 48, 134 BASM/FIMS conference, 40 training course, xxiv, 24-5, 38, 69-70
    • Luton and Dunstable Hospital, 27-8
    • Manchester, 4, 31, 42, 81
    • Manchester Statistical Society, 31
    • manual medicine, 52
    • marathon, 6, 62-3
    • massage, 4
    • masseurs, team, 41, 42-3, 44
    • Matlock House (Footballers' Hospital), Manchester, 4
    • Medical News, 56-7, 60
    • medical education specialist training, 136 recognition difficulties prior to Faculty, 78-9, 91
    • medical officers (MOs), 6, 9, 40-6, 50 payment, 44-5, 46, 47, 48-9 professional organization, 53, 54-5
    • Medical Research Council (MRC), 7, 8, 35, 92
    • Medisport, 54, 61
    • Middlesex Hospital, London, xxiv, 17, 22, 28, 74, 77
    • nutrition, 8
    • obesity, xxvii, 12
    • occupational medicine, 50, 80-1
    • Olympic Games, xxiii, 8 1908 London, 6, 41 1928 Amsterdam, 6, 41 1932 Los Angeles, 43 1936 Berlin, 12-13 1948 London, xxiii, 14, 15, 40, 44 1952 Helsinki, 12, 14 1968 Mexico, 33-6 1972 Munich, 35, 41-2 1976 Montreal, 41, 42 1980 Moscow, 41 1984 Los Angeles, 41 1988 Seoul, 41, 47 2012 London, xxvii, 40, 75 medical support, 6, 9, 40-2, 43-4, 46, 47
    • Orgone accumulator, 17, 135
    • orthopaedic medicine, 51-2
    • orthopaedic surgery, 7-8, 9, 29, 51, 80, 87-8
    • osteopathy, 52
    • overuse injuries, 7-8, 87
    • Oxford Textbook of Sports Medicine (Harries et al., 1994), xxvi see also Scottish diploma in sports medicine
    • Royal College of Surgeons of England, xxvi, 76, 91
    • Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, 88
    • Royal Society of Medicine, xxv, 27
    • rugby football, 5, 27 conferences, 20, 31, 38-9 international, 30, 38-9, 46, 72
    • runners' knee, 22
    • Russian Olympic team, 12
    • Salford University, 18, 20, 31, 69
    • school sports, 6
    • Scotland BASM section, xxiv, 30, 69, 70 rugby, 30, 46 training courses, 69, 70-1, 72, 73-4
    • Scottish diploma in sports medicine, 67, 70-1, 73, 83, 85-6, 136
    • Scottish Royal Colleges Board for Sports Medicine, xxv, 70, 71
    • Scottish Rugby Union, 30
    • Second World War, 8, 76
    • Section 63, see GPs, Section 63 training courses
    • Sheffield, 71
    • Society of Apothecaries of London diploma, xxv, 69, 72, 90 candidates, 67, 71 inception, 64-5, 71 syllabus, 55, 83-4
    • Society of Orthopaedic Medicine (SOM), 52, 136
    • South Africa, 37, 38
    • specialist registrars (SpRs), 75, 90
    • specialist training, 26-7, 28, 75, 78-9, 136
    • specialists, recognition as, 78-9, 91
    • specialty/subspecialty status, 38, 53, 75, 91
    • spinal injuries, 37
    • Sport and Medicine (Sperryn, 1983), 60, 61
    • Sport and Medicine Today, 59-60
    • Sport England, 44, 136
    • sport for all, 49, 80
    • Sports and Fitness Assessment Ltd (SAFA), 79
    • Sports Council, 44, 136 Advisory Sports Council, 15, 23-4 early years, 15, 23-4, 34 funded full-time sports physician, 87 LSMI/NSMI and, xxvi, 65, 68, 80, 90 research involvement, 27, 34, 37 Scottish residential facility, 69 support for elite athletes, 42
    • Sports Injuries: A unique guide to self diagnosis and rehabilitation (Read, 1983/4 ), 60-1
    • sports medicine, 136-7 faculty, xxvi-xxvii, 30, 42, 75, 76, 90, 91 feuding within, 9, 25-6 origin of term, 4 problems of defining, 3, 4-5, 9 qualicfiations, xxv, 62-77, 81, 83-6, 90 specialist recognition, 78-9, 91
    • Sports Medicine, 1st edition (Williams, 1962b), xxv, 36
    • Sports Medicine, 2nd edition (Williams and Sperryn, 1976), xxv, 55, 61
    • sports science, 73, 74, 137
    • St Andrews University, 73
    • St Bartholomew's Hospital and Medical College, London (Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of London from 1995), 29, 62-3, 65, 67, 74, 90
    • St James' Hospital, Leeds, xxiv, 51, 81, 87
    • St Mary's Hospital, London, 15-16, 21, 22
    • St Thomas' Hospital, London, 24, 36, 51
    • staleness concept, 15
    • steroids, 24
    • Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Aylesbury, 22, 28, 37
    • Sweden, 52-3
    • swimming, 37-8, 41, 77, 89
    • synovial tag, 29
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