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Allen, B G; Katz, S; Roufogalis, B D (1987)
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Research Article
Identifiers:pmc:PMC1148041
Formation of the phosphorylated intermediate (ECaP) of the human erythrocyte Ca2+-stimulated ATPase (Ca2+-ATPase) was more rapid and reached steady state sooner at 400 microM-Ca2+ than at 1 microM-Ca2+. Calmodulin increased the apparent rate of ECaP formation at 1 microM-Ca2+, whereas at 400 microM-Ca2+, calmodulin decreased the steady-state level of the ECaP without affecting its apparent rate of formation. Removal of endogenous Mg2+ with trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane-NNN'N'-tetra-acetic acid, which decreased both the velocity and Ca2+-sensitivity of the Ca2+-ATPase, did not alter the Ca2+-sensitivity or the apparent rate of formation of ECaP. ECaP formation at high Ca2+ concentrations was not affected by Mg2+ concentrations as high as 1 mM, and the ECaP could be dephosphorylated by ADP and ATP along either the forward or reverse pathways. The results suggest that high Ca2+ concentrations inhibit Ca2+-ATPase activity by preventing dephosphorylation of the E2P complex, rather than by inhibition of the transformation from E1CaP ('high-Ca2+-affinity' ECaP) to E2CaP ('lower-energy' ECaP).

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