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Vera-Villarroel, Pablo; Contreras, Daniela; Lillo, Sebasti?n; Beyle, Christian; Segovia, Ariel; Rojo, Natalia; Moreno, Sandra; Oyarzo, Francisco (2016)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Journal: PLoS ONE
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Probability Theory, Evolutionary Adaptation, Research Article, Transportation Infrastructure, Mathematics, Research Design, Engineering and Technology, Covariance, Evolutionary Processes, Mathematical and Statistical Techniques, Multivariate Analysis, Physical Sciences, Evolutionary Biology, Psychology, Coating Materials, Sensory Perception, Statistics (Mathematics), Biology and Life Sciences, Materials Science, Neuroscience, Research and Analysis Methods, Random Variables, Roads, Medicine, Color Vision, Transportation, Q, Vision, R, Paints, Civil Engineering, Social Sciences, Science, Materials by Attribute, Statistical Methods

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mesheuropmc: genetic structures, human activities
The perception of colour and its subjective effects are key issues to designing safe and enjoyable bike lanes. This paper addresses the relationship between the colours of bike lane interventions-in particular pavement painting and intersection design-and the subjective evaluation of liking, visual saliency, and perceived safety related to such an intervention. Utilising images of three real bike lane intersections modified by software to change their colour (five in total), this study recruited 538 participants to assess their perception of all fifteen colour-design combinations. A multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) with the Bonferroni post hoc test was performed to assess the effect of the main conditions (colour and design) on the dependent variables (liking towards the intervention, level of visual saliency of the intersection, and perceived safety of the bike lane). The results showed that the colour red was more positively associated to the outcome variables, followed by yellow and blue. Additionally, it was observed that the effect of colour widely outweighs the effect of design, suggesting that the right choice and use of colour would increase the effectiveness on bike-lanes pavement interventions. Limitations and future directions are discussed.

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