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Dittmer, Marc Philipp; Hellemann, Carolina Fuchslocher; Grade, Sebastian; Heuer, Wieland; Stiesch, Meike; Schwestka-Polly, Rainer; Demling, Anton Phillip (2015)
Publisher: BioMed Central
Journal: Head & Face Medicine
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Gold, Ceramic, Orthodontics, Stainless steel, Biofilm, CLSM, Research, Brackets

Classified by OpenAIRE into

mesheuropmc: fungi, technology, industry, and agriculture
Introduction The purpose of the present study was to investigate and compare early biofilm formation on biomaterials, which are being used in contemporary fixed orthodontic treatment. Methods This study comprised 10 healthy volunteers (5 females and 5 males) with a mean age of 27.3?+?3.7?years. Three slabs of different orthodontic materials (stainless steel, gold and ceramic) were placed in randomized order on a splint in the mandibular molar region. Splints were inserted intraorally for 48?h. Then the slabs were removed from the splints and the biofilms were stained with a two color fluorescence assay for bacterial viability (LIVE/DEAD BacLight?Bacterial Viability Kit 7012, Invitrogen, Mount Waverley, Australia). The quantitative biofilm formation was analyzed by using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Results The biofilm coverage was 32.7???37.7% on stainless steel surfaces, 59.5???40.0% on gold surfaces and 56.8???43.6% on ceramic surfaces. Statistical analysis showed significant differences in biofilm coverage between the tested materials (p=0.033). The Wilcoxon test demonstrated significantly lower biofilm coverage on steel compared to gold (p=0.011). Biofilm height on stainless steel surfaces was 4.0???7.3??m, on gold surfaces 6.0???6.6??m and on ceramic 6.5???6.0??m. The Friedman test revealed no significant differences between the tested materials (p=0.150). Pairwise comparison demonstrated significant differences between stainless steel and gold (p=0.047). Conclusion Our results indicate that initial biofilm formation seemed to be less on stainless steel surfaces compared with other traditional materials in a short-term observation. Future studies should examine whether there is a difference in long-term biofilm accumulation between stainless steel, gold and ceramic brackets.

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