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Deng, Hui-Ling; Zhang, Yu-Feng; Li, Ya-Ping; Zhang, Yu; Xie, Yan; Wang, Jun; Wang, Xiao-Yan; Dang, Shuang-Suo (2016)
Publisher: BioMed Central
Journal: BMC Infectious Diseases
Languages: English
Types: Article
Subjects: Research Article, Hand, foot, and mouth disease, Mortality, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, Disease severity
Background Severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is sometimes associated with serious complications such as acute heart failure that can cause substantial child mortality. N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a sensitive and specific biomarker of congestive heart failure. The aim of this study was to use plasma NT-proBNP levels to establish the severity of childhood HFMD. Methods A retrospective study was performed in 128 Chinese patients with severe HFMD and 88 patients with mild HFMD treated between January 2014 and October 2015. Univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the risk factors for severe HFMD. NT-proBNP levels were analyzed in 128 severe HFMD patients, and the predictive value of NT-proBNP was assessed by receiver operating characteristic analyses. Results Multivariate analysis controlling for several potential confounders showed that enterovirus 71 infection [odds ratio (OR) 19.944, 95?% confidence interval (CI) 6.492?61.271], peripheral WBC count (OR 3.428, 95?% CI 1.186?9.914), fasting glucose (OR 19.428, 95?% CI 2.236?168.784), procalcitonin (OR 9.084, 95?% CI 3.462?23.837, and NT-proBNP (>125?pg/mL) (OR 16.649, 95?% CI 4.731?58.585) were each associated with the severity of HFMD. The 45 dead severe patients had higher pre-procedural levels of NT-proBNP than the 83 cured severe patients (12776???13115 versus 1435???4201?pg/mL, P?

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