LOGIN TO YOUR ACCOUNT

Username
Password
Remember Me
Or use your Academic/Social account:

Congratulations!

You have just completed your registration at OpenAire.

Before you can login to the site, you will need to activate your account. An e-mail will be sent to you with the proper instructions.

Important!

Please note that this site is currently undergoing Beta testing.
Any new content you create is not guaranteed to be present to the final version of the site upon release.

Thank you for your patience,
OpenAire Dev Team.

Close This Message

CREATE AN ACCOUNT

Name:
Username:
Password:
Verify Password:
E-mail:
Verify E-mail:
*All Fields Are Required.
Please Verify You Are Human:

OpenAIRE is about to release its new face with lots of new content and services.
During September, you may notice downtime in services, while some functionalities (e.g. user registration, login, validation, claiming) will be temporarily disabled.
We apologize for the inconvenience, please stay tuned!
For further information please contact helpdesk[at]openaire.eu

fbtwitterlinkedinvimeoflicker grey 14rssslideshare1
Marinković, Natalija; Vitale, Ksenija; Afrić, Ivo; Janev Holcer, Nataša (2005)
Publisher: Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health
Journal: Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju
Languages: Croatian
Types: 0038
Subjects: gospodarenje otpadom; utjecaji na zdravlje; zbrinjavanje medicinskog otpada, impact on health; medical waste treatment
The amount of waste produced is connected with the degree of a country’s economic development; more developed countries produce more waste. This paper reviews the quantities, manipulation and treatment methods of medical waste in Croatia, as well as hazardous potentials of medical waste for human health. Medical waste must be collected and sorted in containers suitable for its characteristics, amount, means of transportation and treatment method in order to prevent contact with environment and to protect people who are working with waste. Hazardous medical waste in Croatia is largely produced by hospitals. Even though only one hospital has a licence to incinerate infectious medical waste, many other hospitals incinerate their hazardous waste in inappropriate facilities. Healthcare institutions also store great amounts of old medical waste, mostly pharmaceutical, anti-infectious, and cytostatic drugs and chemical waste. Data on waste treatment effects on human health are scarce, while environmental problems are covered better. Croatian medical waste legislation is not being implemented. It is very important to establish a medical waste management system that would implement the existing legislation in all waste management cycles from waste production to treatment and final disposal.
  • The results below are discovered through our pilot algorithms. Let us know how we are doing!

    • 1. European Environment Agency. Total waste generation by sector - EEA countries 1992- 1997. [pristup 15. studenog 2003]. Dostupno na: http://dataservice.eea.eu.int/atlas/viewdata/ viewpub.asp?id=392
    • 2. European Commission. Waste. [pristup 15. studenog 2003.]. Dostupno na: http://www.europa.eu.int/comm/ environment/waste/index.htm
    • 3. Zakon o otpadu. Narodne novine 2003;(151).
    • 4. Ropeik D, Gray G. Risk. Boston (MA): Houghton Mifflin Company; 2002.
    • 5. Axelrod D, editor. Love Canal: A special report to the government and legislature. New York State Department of Health;1991.
    • 6. Capak K. Zbrinjavanje zdravstvenog otpada. Zbornik radova godišnjeg sastanka sanitarnih inspektora; svibanj 2001.; Šibenik. Zagreb: Koruniae d.o.o.; 2001. str. 117-24.
    • 7. Pravilnik o vrstama otpada. Narodne novine 1996;(27).
    • 8. Naputak o postupanju s otpadom koji nastaje pri pruç anju zdravstvene zaštite. Narodne novine 2000;(50):1-5.
    • 9. Pruss A, Giroult E, Rushbrook P, editors. Safe management of wastes from healthcare activities. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1999.
    • 10. Hrvatski zavod za javno zdravstvo. Adresar ustanova. [pristup 18. svibnja 2004.]. Dostupno na: http: //www.hzjz.hr/adresar.htm
    • 11. ZGOS. Projekt sanacije odlagališta Jakuševac. [pristup 10. sijeènja 2004.] Dostupno na: http://www.zgos.hr/ sanacija/hrv/index.htm
    • 12. UZOJ. PUTO. [pristup 12. sijeènja 2004.] Dostupno na: http://www.jakusevec.4t.com/puto.htm
    • 13. Ministarstvo zaštite okoliša i prostornog ureðenja. Strategija gospodarenja otpadom RH; 2003.
    • 14. Pravilnik o katastru emisija u okoliš. Narodne novine 1996;(36).
    • 15. Ministarstvo zdravstva. Projekt optimalnog zbrinjavanja otpada iz zdravstvene djelatnosti na podruèju RH. Poglavlje 2. Snimka sadašnjeg stanja evidentiranih kolièina opasnog medicinskog otpada u RH; 2003.
    • 16. Hrvatski zavod za javno zdravstvo. Kapaciteti i iskorištenost stacionarne zdravstvene zaštite [16. studenoga 2004.]. Dostupno na: http://www.hzjz.hr/ soc_medicina/baza_hosp.htm
    • 17. Management of waste from hospitals and other health care establishments. Report on a WHO meeting. EURO Rep Stud 1985(97):1-61.
    • 18. Nadakavukaren A. Man and Environment. A health perspective. 3rd ed. Prospect Heights (IL): Waveland Press, Inc.; 1990.
    • 19. Waste reduction activities for hospitals. [pristup 16. studenoga 2004.]. Dostupno na: http://www. ciwmb.ca.gov/BIZWASTE/factsheets/hospital.htm# Solid%20Waste%20Composition%20in%20Hospitals
    • 20. European Environment Agency (EEA). Dangerous substances in waste. 2000. [pristup 10. listopada 2003.]. Dostupno na: http://reports.eea.eu.int/ technical_report_no_38/en/tech38.pdf
    • 21. McKay M. Dioxin characterisation, formation and minimisation during municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration: review. Chem Eng Jl 2002;86:343-68.
    • 22. Behnisch PA, Hosoe K, Sakai S. Combinatorial bio/ chemical analysis of dioxin and dioxin-like compounds in waste recycling, food/feed, humans/wildlife and the environment. Environ Int 2001;27:495-519.
    • 23. Alcock RA, Behnisch P A, Jones KC, Hagenmaier H. Dioxin-like PCBs in the environment-human exposure and the significance of sources. Chemosphere 1998;37:1457-72.
    • 24. Quaß U, Fermann M, Broker G. The European Dioxin Air Emission Inventory Project -Final Results. Chemosphere 2004;54:1319-27.
    • 25. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. 2003 CERCLA Priority List of Hazardous Substances That Will Be The Subject of Toxicological Profiles and Support Document. [pristup 20. svibnja 2004.]. Dostupno na: http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/supportdocs/ text.pdf
    • 26. EEC Directive on the protection of workers. Classification of biological agents. [pristup 16. studenoga 2004.]. Dostupno na: http://www.biosafety.be/GB/Dir.Eur.GB/ Other/90_679/Sect3.html#Art18
    • 27. Agencija za zaštitu okoliša. Projekt Katastar odlagališta u Republici Hrvatskoj. [pristup 7. lipnja 2004.]. Dostupno na: http://www.azo.hr/default.asp?gl=200 403080000002
  • No related research data.
  • No similar publications.

Share - Bookmark

Cite this article

Cookies make it easier for us to provide you with our services. With the usage of our services you permit us to use cookies.
More information Ok