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Lassak, Marek; Musielak, Michał (2018)
Languages: English
Types: Preprint
Subjects: 52A55, Mathematics - Metric Geometry
The intersection $L$ of two different non-opposite hemispheres $G$ and $H$ of a $d$-dimensional sphere $S^d$ is called a lune. By the thickness of $L$ we mean the distance of the centers of the $(d-1)$-dimensional hemispheres bounding $L$. For a hemisphere $G$ supporting a %spherical convex body $C \subset S^d$ we define ${\rm width}_G(C)$ as the thickness of the narrowest lune or lunes of the form $G \cap H$ containing $C$. If ${\rm width}_G(C) =w$ for every hemisphere $G$ supporting $C$, we say that $C$ is a body of constant width $w$. We present properties of these bodies. In particular, we prove that the diameter of any spherical body $C$ of constant width $w$ on $S^d$ is $w$, and that if $w < \frac{\pi}{2}$, then $C$ is strictly convex. Moreover, we are checking when spherical bodies of constant width and constant diameter coincide.
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