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Delphy, Christine (2010)
Publisher: Association française des anthropologues
Languages: French
Types: Article
Subjects: discrimination, genre, identité, islam, maghrébin, oppression, Gender, identity, North African
La constitution de castes raciales en France a commencé avec la colonisation de l’Afrique par la France au XIXe siècle. Dans le cas de la colonisation du Maghreb, le genre a joué un rôle éminent dans la nécessaire dépréciation des colonisés. La France du XXIe siècle refuse d’intégrer les descendants des immigrés et ex‑colonisés nord‑africains ; elle les constitue en caste inférieure et héréditaire définie par des traits culturels quasiment génétiques, et pour justifier ce traitement utilise une rhétorique très semblable à la rhétorique coloniale. Dans la caractérisation de cette population comme barbare, le genre continue de jouer un rôle éminent, et les tentatives de « sauver » les femmes opprimées des barbares contemporains sont similaires aux espoirs des colons de s’emparer symboliquement des femmes des indigènes. Les affaires dites du « foulard » illustrent ces tentatives. The constitution of racial castes in France began with the colonisation of Africa by France in the 19th century. In the case of the colonisation of North Africa, gender played an eminent role in the necessary depreciation of the colonised. Twenty-first century France refuses to integrate the descendants of immigrants and formerly colonised people from North Africa; it constitutes them as an inferior and hereditary caste defined by practically genetic cultural features, and uses a rhetoric very similar to colonial rhetoric in order to justify this treatment. In the characterisation of this population as barbaric, gender continues to play an eminent role, and attempts to « save » the oppressed women of contemporary barbarians are similar to the hopes of colonial settlers to take symbolic possession of the women of the natives. The so-called « headscarf » affairs illustrate these attempts.
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