Latvia has no implemented funder Open Science policy yet.

As mentioned earlier, at the national level the policy framework is represented by the Science, Technology and Innovation Act 14/2011 released in 2011 (article 37 on “Open access dissemination”). This policy is implemented through the Spanish Strategy for Research Development and Innovation, the State Plans and the Action Plans derived from them. The national calls for R&D projects carried out within the framework of the State Plans of Scientific-Technical Research and Innovation (2013-20162017-2020) follow up the guidelines regarding open access stated by the national mandate. At the regional level, open access policies have also been developed by some funders, such as the governments of Madrid, Asturias or Catalonia, also in line with the national and EU mandates.

It is stated that Spanish researchers funded by the State Plan for Scientific and Technological Research and Innovation should make public a copy of the final version of the accepted paper as soon as possible, and no later than 12 months after publication. Open Access copies must be available either through institutional or thematic repositories, and they should be taken into consideration within institutional evaluation practices. The State Plan encourages both green OA standard and gold OA standard. OA fees and costs (gold OA) are eligible for those R&D projects funded by the State Programme of Knowledge Promotion and Excellence and specific instruments within the State Programme of R&D addressing Societal Challenges.

The level of compliance of the open access national mandate was measured at institutional level. An exhaustive work was carried out in 2016 using a preliminary methodology that raised several technical issues to be addressed. The recommendations derived from this work can be found in the following document Towards Open Access by Default.

Malta has not implemented a funder Open Access/Open Science policy yet.

There is no funder requiring open access to research results in the Czech Republic.

The Research Council’s Policy on Open Access to Research Data aims to ensure that research data are accessible to relevant users, on equal terms, and at the lowest possible cost. Projects that receive funding from the Research Council are to assess whether the need to draw up a data management plan.
For more, click here

The guidelines in the policy apply to all data generated by projects funded by the Research Council – with a few exceptions.
The principles and guidelines in the Research Council’s policy conform to the National Strategy on access to and sharing of research data.

Requirements relating to data storage
As a general rule, R&D-performing institutions themselves are responsible for determining which archiving solution to use. Under certain circumstances, the Research Council is entitled to stipulate storage of data and/or metadata in specific national or international archives.
In connection with certain relevant projects in the fields of social science, humanities, medicine and health, and environmental and development research, the funding recipient is responsible for archiving data at the Norwegian Centre for Research Data (NSD).
All projects awarded funding must assess the need for a data management plan. The R&D-performing institution must assess the need to develop a data management plan in relation to all projects awarded Research Council funding.

The Norwegian Research Council signed cOAlition S’ Plan S in 2018, which states that: “With effect from 2021, all scholarly publications on the results from research funded by public or private grants provided by national, regional and international research councils and funding bodies, must be published in Open Access Journals, on Open Access Platforms, or made immediately available through Open Access Repositories without embargo.”

Since September 2019 the Ministry of Health is asking to publish the underlying data of publications produced with its fundings, in accordance with the Lancet Reward (REduce research Waste And Reward Diligence) Campaign. 

This initiative states: "We maximise our research potential when: [...] all information on research methods and findings are accessible". Besides, along with others, the following priority is set: "Make publicly available the full protocols, analysis plans or sequence of analytical choices, and raw data for all designed and undertaken biomedical research".

In January 2014 the Ministry of Education, Universities and Research mandated OA for publications and datasets arising from the funding programme for young scientists (Bando SIR Scientific Independence for young scientists programme D. D. 23/01/14 n. 17). According to the mandate, data and peer-reviewed articles must be deposited no later than the time of publication, and must be available in OA no later than six months from the date of publication in scientific, technical and medical fields and no later than 12 months from the date of publication in the social sciences and humanities.

In 2015 and 2017 the research funding programme Bandi PRIN financed by MIUR mandates open access to publications resulting from the funding programme in line with the law (L. 112 /2013). MIUR signed in 2019 an agreement with OpenAIRE to monitor the compliance with its mandates on Open Access.

Three  private research funders, Telethon and Fondazione Cariplo and Educatt, have adopted a funder OA mandate.

The new funding schema of the National research funder “Restart 2016-2020”, announced late 2016, included the requirement for Open Access to Research outputs of the projects funded by the National Research Promotion Foundation. Compliance of the researchers with the national open access policy, cannot yet be reported. Institutional policies will be the next step in order to be aligned to the European and National policy.

Open Access Author Funds

APCs have been in the agenda of the meetings/discussions for a long time in different levels and stakeholders.

By late 2017 the Cyprus University of Technology presented the «CUT Open Access Author Fund». The academic community of CUT is now able to apply for a maximum amount of €5000 to publish their research publications in Open Access journals or books.

Furthermore, there has been a great initiative from a pharmaceutical company which decided that within the framework of its Corporate Social Responsibility will finance the publications of authors with a maximum funding amount of €3000 if they provide their research in Open Access. The Senate of CUT approved the creation of the “Remedica Open Access Author Fund” and it’s been in act since 2013.

Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia - FCT, the major national funder, launched (May 2014) the Open Access policy fully in line with EC recommendations. The mandate requires the deposit in a repository of the Portuguese repositories network – RCAAP.

Updated in August 2022.

Regarding open science in publicly funded research, national research funders have to implement the national policies (like the National Strategy of Open Access to Scientific Publications and Research Data in Slovenia 2015-2020 or the Resolution on the Slovenian Scientific Research and Innovation Strategy 2030) as well as legislative provisions (from the Scientific Research and Innovation Activities Act).

Slovenian Research Agency signed Plan S in September 2018 and the DORA Declaration in July 2019.

The National Science Centre (NCN) was among 11 national research funding organisations that launched the cOAlition S in 2018.

In April, 2019 NCN announced plans to introduce open science policy, as well as the requirement for data management plan (DMP) and published guidelines for applicants to complete the DMP form in the proposal. See:

In February, 2020 members of the Council of the National Science Centre expressed their approval for a new open access policy to publications created as a result of research projects funded entirely or in part from NCN resources. The obligation to ensure open access to published research findings will apply to all projects recommended for funding under calls announced on 16 June 2020. See:

In result, Open Access Policy was adopted by Order No 40/2020 of the Director of the National Science Centre of 31 May 2020. As announced on the funder's website: "The Open Access Policy was modelled on the postulates of Plan S and will also be adopted, in a similar form, by other members of cOAlition S. The document enters into force on the day of signing and shall apply to calls announced on 15 June this year and projects based on implementation  agreements signed after 1 January 2021". The document provides information on the publication routes compliant with Plan S, as well as cost eligibility, licensing and copyright protection, and additional provisions. See: 

In July 2020 NCN announced that cOAlition S has developed the Rights Retention Strategy. According to the implementation roadmap, NCN will adopt the strategy from 1 January 2021 (early adopter). See:


The Research Council of Lithuania adopted the Guidelines on Open Access to Scientific Publications and Dataon the 29th of February 2016 and seeks its further implementation.

The Guidelines include open access (OA) and open research data policy in full alignment with the Horizon 2020 (H2020) OA mandate and Open Research Data Pilot, and the July 2012 European Commission recommendations on access to and preservation of scientific information.

The major funding agency in the country:

There are three main funders: BELSPO (federal), FWO (Flanders) and F.N.R.S. (Wallonia)


  • At BELSPO, there is an Open Access Mandate which requires:

    1.Depositing publications in Green Open Access institutional or thematic repositories on ID/OA basis (Immediate Deposit - Optional Access).
    and recommends to:
    2. Publishing in free of charge Diamond Open Access Journals/platforms run by public organizations.
    3. Publishing in commercial Gold Open Access Journals of recognised quality, with transparent and fair prices for genuine added value.

  • The BELSPO Open Research Data policy ( complies with FAIR principles and its conception is to be considered fully within the EOSC framework. BELSPO expects a provisional DMP upon submission of the grant application, and a completed DMP no later than 6 months after the start date of the project. After the end of the project data should be deposited in a certified and trusted data repository. The BELSPO follows the FAIR research data management principles in the template of their DMP. Furthermore it encourage re-use of research data where possible."

  • According to the general regulation of the Research Foundation-Flanders (FWO), it is mandatory to make publications resulting from FWO funded research publicly available in an open access repository after maximum 1 year. Open Access ‘Gold’ is optional, for which the FWO funded researchers can make use of the consumables or bench fees that are part of their funding. The main host institutions, i.e. the Flemish universities, have repositories in place to facilitate this measure.
    FWO demands that researchers ensure that all data relating to their research are stored securely and sustainably, taking into account the specific characteristics of the discipline and the nature of the research. A short Data Management Plan is expected when applying for funding. A more substantial Data Management Plan is required after six months of the start of the project. To stimulate exchange of good practices and expertise a working group on research data management has been established within the Flemish Interuniversity Council (VLIR).

F.R.S. - F.N.R.S.

  • The F.R.S.-FNRS has issued a regulation on the implementation of the policy of Open Access to scientific publications resulting from research programmes supported by the F.R.S.-FNRS and Associated Funds, which is in force since 30/06/2013

Croatian Science Foundation (CSF) has been the central institution for funding competitive research projects since 2009. It provides support to scientific, higher education and technological programmes and projects, fosters international cooperation, and helps the realization of scientific programmes of special interest in the field of fundamental, applied and developmental research. CSF acts according to the Act on the Croatian Science Foundation, and open science and open access are not included. However, CSF offers APCs payment as part of project grant they fund.

The Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) is Switzerland's leading provider of scientific research funding. With its federal mandate, it supports basic research in all disciplines, from philosophy and biology to nanoscience and medicine.

The SNSF (also co-signatory of the Berlin Declaration in 2006) requires grantees to provide open access to research results obtained with the help of SNSF grants (Article 44 Funding Regulations). As of 1 October 2013, researchers receiving SNSF funding can cover the costs of publishing articles in pure OA journals via the project budget. As of October 2018, APCs and BCPCs can be requested from a central OA fund (currently with no cap).
As of July 2014, the SNSF is expanding its OA policy to include monographs and editions. This corresponds to the rules applying to the publication of journal articles.
As of October 2017, the SNSF introduced an Open Research Data policy in its project funding scheme. Researchers have to include a data management plan (DMP) in their funding application and the SNSF expects that data generated by funded projects will be publicly accessible in digital databases provided there are no legal, ethical, copyright or other issues.
Among other public research funders of Switzerland, the Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences (SAGW) supports the implementation of Open Access. The SAGW calls upon its member societies to obtain the necessary rights for their authors from the publishers. Several SAGW-sponsored journals are freely available.

The SNSF supports the principles of "Plan S". However, due to its own Open Access (OA-2020) policy, the SNSF is currently not in a position to sign "Plan S". According to an SNSF spokesman, this circumstance will be re-evaluated in 2020.

Follow Us

Keep in touch

Subscribe to our Newsletter

Please enable the javascript to submit this form

OpenAIRE has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under Grant Agreements No. 777541 and 101017452 (see all).

cc bycc byUnless otherwise indicated, all materials created by OpenAIRE are licenced under CC ATTRIBUTION 4.0 INTERNATIONAL LICENSE.