There is widespread awareness of Open Access in the Netherlands. Since 2005 all Dutch universities, the Netherlands Association of Universities of Applied Sciences, the KNAW, NWO, the Royal Library and SURF have signed the Berlin Declaration. In 2005, the Netherlands became the first country where all universities had their own repository with open access publications.
DANS, an institute of KNAW and NWO, provides access to all content of Dutch university repositories, KNAW, NWO, and a number of research institutes; through the national portal NARCIS. NARCIS provides access to (open access) publications, datasets of a number of data archives; and to descriptions of research projects, institutes and researchers. NARCIS has been developed by DANS, in close cooperation with the universities and other scholarly institutions. NARCIS is the Dutch source for scholarly output in OpenAIRE.
The Dutch Universities of Applied Sciences also encourage open access publishing. The HBO Kennisbank gives access to open access publications, including Bachelor’s and Master’s theses. The publications of the UAS professors and other researchers can also be found in NARCIS.
The national Open Access website, www.openaccess.nl, provides information on open access publishing for various stakeholders.
Many universities and research institutions in Germany run an institutional or subject-based repository, some of these centrally managed by umbrella organizations. Today, over 270 OA repositories exist in Germany: 275 OAI repositories according to OpenDOAR, plus those listed by DINI (for more information about DINI see below) and OAI service providers (like BASEand OAIster).
In Belgium, repositories are not centralized. At present almost all universities and major university colleges run Open Access repositories. At present OpenDOAR list 34 Belgian repositories. Available full-text contents include doctoral and master theses, journal articles, conference papers, reports, books and book chapters. The Department of Economy, Science and Innovation (EWI) of the Flemish Government created the FRIS programme FRIS (Flanders Research Information Space) . FRIS research portal is the regional portal on researchers and their research in Flanders. It collects and presents information on researchers, research, scientific projects and publications in Flanders.
One central national aggregator collects publication data from Danish universities primarily: Danish National Research Database. The database itself was terminated in 2020, but the link provides links to information about the single institutions' output.
The Ministry of Higher Education and Science maintaines an Open Access Indicator that monitors the Open Access progress in Denmark. It can be found here: Danish Open Access Indicator.
There are two harvesters in Cyprus. Cyprus Open Archives harvests all repositories based in Cyprus, providing one point access to digitized or digital born material, including research publications, thesis or cultural heritage items. Another harvester hosted by the Ministry of Education and Culture was created mainly for providing digital items to Europeana and mainly harvests cultural heritage items.
Opin vísindiOpin vísindi, the joint repository for all universities in Iceland was opened in September 2016.
The scientific publications are openly available (Open Access) in accordance with article 10 from the Act on public support for research / 2003 No 3. The aim of Opin Vísindi is to increase the usage, publicity, and impact of scholarly research produced at Icelandic universities and to further promote scientific research in Iceland.
Hirsla repository, www.hirsla.lsh.is, the repository of Landspitali University Hospital was established in 2006. Hirslan is the digital repository for research and scholarly publications of the Landspitali University Hospital faculty and staff. Hirslan also indexes all research articles in Icelandic health sciences journals and provides open access to these articles.
Skemman, https://skemman.is, is a joint digital repository for Icelandic universities which stores student theses from the universities.
Majority of Croatian institutional repositories are hosted on the national repository infrastructure DABAR (Digital Academic Archives and Repositories). DABAR is a centrally implemented technological solution based on open-source software Islandora. It provides Croatian researchers free, reliable, and interoperable digital repository infrastructure for archiving publications, AV materials as well as research data. It was developed through a collaboration of many Croatian institutions and provided as a technological service by SRCE. In August 2020 it hosted more than 120 active institutional repositories and 6 aggregated repositories. All repositories using DABAR infrastructure are compatible with the OpenAIRE Guidelines. This means that researchers can comply with Article 29.2 of the H2020 grant agreement regarding open access to articles with depositing into Croatian repositories.
In August 2020 57 institutional repositories were included into the OpenAIRE portal, 1 journal repository – HRČAK, 90 journals and RBI’s Database about scientific projects - POIROT which is used by the OpenAIRE as an authority file for projects funded by Croatian funders. However, the majority of institutional repositories hosted on DABAR are still focused on archiving dissertations and thesis, and more than half of all documents archived in all institutional repositories are available in OA.
Besides institutional repositories hosted on DABAR, there are still a few, but very important institutional repositories using mostly ePrints solution and focused more on archiving research publications and not only dissertations and thesis. The repository with most archived research papers is the Full-text institutional repository of the Ruđer Bošković Institute – FULIR and the majority of archived papers are in OA. However, the migration of FULIR to the DABAR infrastructure is planned for the future.
Portal of Croatian Scientific and Professional Journals - HRČAK is an OA publishing platform hosting over 490 Croatian OA journals and providing access to more than 220.000 full-text articles.
Croatian Scientific Bibliography – CROSBI is a Croatian national scientific bibliography which aims to gather information about all scientific and professional publications published by Croatian authors, to organize that information and put them into context by relating publications with their Croatian authors, institutions, projects and scientific fields. CROSBI is the oldest OA repository in Croatia. It was launched in 1997, and to date has gathered information on 660,000 publications.
Šestar (Pair of Compasses), launched in 2006 is a database of scientific instruments. Šestar is part of the e-infrastructure for the Croatian academic and research community whose purpose is to record and describe equipment for research conducted at Croatian public science and higher education institutions. The main goals are to improve the usage of existing scientific equipment, to encourage cooperation between scientific institutions and scientists themselves, to encourage cooperation between science and the economy, and to increase the transparency of the research in Croatia. Today, Šestar stores data on 3,000 scientific instruments.
Who’s Who in Science in Croatia gathers data on Croatian researchers offering comprehensive information including a biography, bibliography, education, employment, career advancements, awards, working experience, memberships, research interests, expertise, intramural and extramural activities, and
other skills and hobbies. The main goal is to increase the visibility of Croatian researchers and to enhance collaboration among researchers and communication between scientists and the public.
National Roadmap for research infrastructure 2017-2023:
BPOS serves as a national repository aggregator– it performs selective harvesting of metadata from Bulgarian institutional repositories with open access that support the OAI-PMH. All 8 institutional repositories are integrated with BPOS and the portal serves as a single entry point to the research data from all repositories.
1) Bulgarian OpenAIRE Repository Bulgarian OpenAIRE Repository -http://www.bg-openaire.eu is a centralized cross-institutional repository and provides OpenAIRE compliance and free access to all peer-reviewed publications resulting from ERC funded FP7 projects in Bulgaria.2) New Bulgarian UniversityNBU Scholar Electronic Repository - http://eprints.nbu.bg is the first digital repository of scientific literature in Bulgaria. Faculty members can deposit their papers. Currently there are 565 publications with free online access. The New Bulgarian University encourages faculty members to deposit their research outputs into the repository. 3) Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Repository at IMI-BAS - http://sci-gems.math.bas.bg is based on DSpace software with an active and configured OAI-PMH interface for metadata harvesting. There are more than 2100 publications from journals, conference books and reports. 4) University of Sofia "St. Kliment Ohridski" Research at Sofia University - http://research.uni-sofia.bg There are initiatives at Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski" to support the development of Open Access. There is a digital repository for the main research outputs of the Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics. Other faculties are expected to join soon. 5) Medical University of Sofia (MUS)The Central Medical Library -http://www.medun.acad.bg was established in 1918. Today, it is an independent institution within the structure of the Medical University of Sofia (MUS) and has its 90-year experience in providing information resources and services for education, research, and professional practice. New open access repository started at address http://nt-cmb.medun.acad.bg:8080/jspui/ Repository is in process of building, for content is planned to include summaries of PhD theses, dissertations, electronic books, lectures, journal articles and CML-journal publications. 6) Burgas Free University (BFU)Academic Research Repository at the Burgas Free University - http://www.bfu.bg The research portal of BFU http://research.bfu.bg contains a collection of articles published in the Year-Books of BFU, articles from magazine “Biznes Posoki” and magazine “Contemporary Humanitaristics”, papers from international conferences of BFU, as well as articles, studies, papers and monographs of lecturers from BFU, published in other scientific editions. This site provides access to the research output of the institution. The interface is available in Bulgarian and English. Users may set up RSS feeds to be alerted to new content.
Bulgarian Portal for Open Science and the National repository
The Bulgarian Portal for Open Science, maintained by NACID, provides quick and easy access to scientific information and publicly funded research outputs, including resources from institutional open access repositories in Bulgaria.The system performs selective harvesting of metadata from Bulgarian institutional repositories with open access that support The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting.
Since June 2020 there is a National repository for open access to scientific information. It is a cross-disciplinary repository administrated by National centre for information and documentation (https://nacid.bg/en/ ) for scientific publications that are result from publicly funded research.
It is developed in compliance with the OpenAIRE Guidelines for Literature Repository Managers v.4.
Resources that are published in the repository are described by rich metadata and have a persistent identifier. The repository assigns a Handle.Net identifier to every resource that has not been previously assigned an identifier;
The portal and the repository form a system that provides researchers and the public at large with access to scientific publications and other research outputs free of charge in an open and non-discriminatory manner. The system enables the dissemination and enables the use and re-use of scientific research results, thus minimizing efforts and maximizing the benefits of the research.
BPOS and the repository are constantly improving, expanding and striving to transform the way research is conducted. Series of events, workshops and trainings is being carried out with the participation of researchers from Bulgarian RPOs. NACID and MES are working together to engage stakeholders as much as possible in the initiative for open access to scientific information.
In Bulgaria there are 8 institutional repositories, that are all integrated with BPOS:
- Repository at IMI-BAS - http://sci-gems.math.bas.bg
- Research at Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”- http://research.uni-sofia.bg
- Electronic Repository of Central Medical Library – Medical university Sofia http://cml.mu-sofia.bg:8080/jspui/handle/10861/1
- Medical Academic Repository of MU-Varna - https://repository.mu-varna.bg/
- New Bulgarian University NBU Scholar Electronic Repository - http://eprints.nbu.bg
- Academic Research Repository at the Burgas Free University http://research.bfu.bg:8080/jspui/
Bulgarian OpenAIRE Repositoryhttp://www.bg-openaire.eu
A centralized cross-institutional repository and provides OpenAIRE compliance and free access to all peer-reviewed publications resulting from ERC funded FP7 projects in Bulgaria.
E-Infrastructure for Bulgarian Language and Cultural Heritage CLaDA-BG
https://clada-bg.eu/ (CLARIN and DARIAH)
CLaDA-BG is a Bulgarian virtual distributed research infrastructure, achieved connected related centers that use the services and resources of the infrastructure and provides a link with other centers and consumers as well. It provides access to resources and services electronically.
Coordinator: Institute of Information and Communication Technologies, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IICT-BAS), Sofia, Bulgaria
Financial coordinator: The Ministry of Education and Science
National Centre for High-performance and Distributed Computing http://nchdc.acad.bg/en/
Coordinator: Institute of Information and Communication Technologies, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IICTBAS)
Financial coordinator: Ministry of Education and Science
Participation in European infrastructure: European Grid Infrastructure (EGI) and participation in PRACE through cooperation with NCHDC .
Science and Technology Park “Sofia Tech Park”
The Research infrastructure Laboratory complex, consists of 11 laboratory units and 7 of them are related with e-Infrastructures.
Coordinator: Association for Research and Development
Financial coordinator: Ministry of Economy, Bulgarian Small and Medium Enterprises Promotion Agency, Sofia Tech Park
Scientific coordinator: Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Technical University – Sofia,Medical University – Sofia
There are 61 Bulgarian Open Access journals listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ): www.doaj.org
Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IMI-BAS): Peter L. Stanchev, Ph.D., D.Sc., Professor at Software Engineering and Information Systems, e-mail: pstanche [@] kettering.edu and Assist. Prof. Georgi Simeonov at Software Engineering and Information Systems (IMI-BAS) e-mail gsimeonov [@] math.bas.bg Bulgarian Information Consortium (BIC) / Български информационен консорциум with 38 members - 26 universities, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1 agency, 3 National and Centrl libraries, 4 Public libraries, and 3 NGO - Radostina Todorova, New Bulgarian University Library, eIFL-OA country coordinator, rtodorova[@]nbu.bg
In Spain there is an important set of infrastructures that allow researchers to archive their work in open access: institutional repositories, thematic repositories, research open journals and research open journals portals. Among these, institutional repositories play a central role for the proper implementation of the National OA public policy.
RECOLECTA is an open platform based on DNet open source software that gathers all the national scientific repositories together in one place and guarantees that all OA repositories are interoperable among them. The services that RECOLECTA offers to National open access repositories are:
RECOLECTA plays a key role to allow a proper implementation of the national open access to science policy. It promotes and coordinates the national infrastructure of Open Access digital scientific repositories in an interoperable manner based on the standards adopted by the global community.
The search interface of RECOLECTA provides access to more than 2M documents collected from the 142 data providers indexed in the platform.
Ministry of Education and Culture in cooperation with CSC – IT Center for Science provides information about research in Finland on theResearch.fi website. At the moment (March 2021) there information about publications, projects, infrastructures and organisations. Sections for people, researcher data and other activities are coming soon.
CSC - IT Center for Science is the most important Finnish service provider for research. Services are provided through several channels:
CSC is very important Finnish link to EOSC, for example as a member of EOSC Secreteriat Consortium, hosting EOSC Finnish Forum and as a member in several EOSC related networks EUDAT (&EUDAT Ltd.),EGI Federated data center and GEANT Associate member.
Promotion of open science and research is a joint effort by the entire research community, done in four expert panels and their working groups. The Finnish Federation of Learned Societies coordinates this work. Expert panels: Culture of open scholarship, Open data, Open access, Open educationRDA in Finland - The National Node is hosted at CSC – IT Center for Science Ltd., hence actively acting as a mediator and promoting RDA in Finland and also abroad. National Node acts as the local point of contact between national data practitioners and RDA.
In January 2021 started EOSC Finnish Forum as a national level coordination instrument that will allow the Finnish stakeholders to follow the EOSC developments and assess their implications, represent the collective interests of Finland to EOSC and discuss potential future EOSC-related collaborations.
Almost all universities and major university colleges have open access repositories for publications. Available full-text contents include doctoral and licentiate theses, journal articles, conference papers, reports, books and book chapters. There are approximately 40 repositories in Sweden registered in OpenDOAR. The majority of Swedish research publication repositories are members of a consortium based on DiVA, developed and run by Uppsala University. Others, like Gothenburg University, Karolinska Institutet, Chalmers Technical University and Malmö University, have implemented open source software like DSpace or created their own institutional repositories. The repositories include meta-data from all the academic publications of the institution and have been created to meet the needs of research evaluation and visibility.
Most of the records from the HEIs’ local repositories are harvested and can be found in the Swepub search service run by the National Library of Sweden. Swepub is the national publication database, which is also developing services for national analyses and bibliometric data, e.g. statistics on open access publishing in Sweden.
|Alexandria||University of St. Gallen||OA-Info|
|Archive ouverte UNIGE||University of Geneva||OA-Info|
|BORIS||University of Bern||OA-Info|
|LORY||Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, University of Lucerne,
University of Teacher Education Lucerne, ZHB Lucerne
|edoc||University of Basel||OA-Info|
|Research Collection||ETH Zurich||OA-Info|
|MSF Field Research||Médecins sans Frontières||OA-Info|
|RERO DOC||Reseau Romand||OA-Info|
|Serval||University of Lausanne||OA-Info|
|ZORA||University of Zurich||OA-Info|
Find a complete list on DOAR, here.
CORE is jointly run service between Jisc and the Open University. It is an aggregation of open access content from the UK and worldwide repositories and open access journals. It provides a range of services at a single point of interaction: aggregation, search, discovery, analytics, and an API for text mining access. It offers services to librarians, research managers to provide business intelligence functions to support quality management and also management and compliance reporting.
The service aggregates all open access content distributed across different repository systems worldwide, enriches this content and provides access through a range of services. For the most up to date usage statistics, please visit https://core.ac.uk/data/.
RIAN is Ireland’s national portal for Open Access portals. RIAN began in 210 by harvesting the contents of the Institutional Repositories of Ireland's university libraries. As RIAN developed further, other Irish research repositories were added, and more continue to be added, with the aim of making RIAN the portal to Irish research.
Open Access repositories are currently available in all Irish universities and in a number of other higher education institutions: