The University of Latvia has started to promote and support the OA movement in Latvia after taking part in the OpenAIRE project.
From 2009 to 2014 the OA team from the Library of the University of Latvia participated in the European Commission Seventh Framework Programme; OpenAIRE project (OA Infrastructure for Research in Europe) and OpenAIREplus (2nd Generation of OA Infrastructure for Research in Europe: 2012-2014). In 2015 it was continued with the OpenAIRE2020 (OA Infrastructure for Research in Europe 2020)), PASTEUR4OA (OA Policy Alignment Strategies for European Union Research), and FOSTER (Facilitate Open Science Training for European Research).
The participation of the University of Latvia in these projects has resulted in the establishment of the National Open Access Desk – Latvia which serves as the main information point for support on OA and broader Open Science in Latvia. During the participation in the projects, several important steps were taken for the development of the OA movement in Latvia. Three institutional repositories have been set up and researchers in Latvia were kept regularly informed about OA benefits, possibilities and activities. The University of Latvia annually celebrates international OA Week by organizing discussions, meetings, presentations, workshops on various OA initiatives and by spreading promotional materials to other academic institutions. The NOAD-Latvia regularly provides consultations and seminars on the OA and Open Science for the higher education and research institutions in all regions of Latvia.
In 2019 the successful collaboration has been started with the Horizon2020 – Latvia National Contact Point which functions under the State Education Development Agency of the Republic of Latvia. The collaboration has resulted in different joint seminars for the Latvia research community members with building awareness of the open initiatives in Europe, as well as the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC).

On September 1, 2019, the EOSC Nordic project was launched to promote the implementation of the EOSC in the Nordic and Baltic countries. Latvia is represented in the project by Riga Technical University (more here).

In late 2019 the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Latvia initiated the Open Science Latvia landscape research, which is done by the National Library of Latvia and Riga Technical University in collaboration with Riga Stradins University. The outcome of the research published in spring 2020 is available here, and the main recommendations here.

Since 2007, the Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology, FECYT plays a key role as a service provider for the research community and as an implementation agency of many R&D public policies. FECYT is a key actor within the OA policy. It works to provide standardization and interoperability within the repositories and academic libraries community through the national OA harvester RECOLECTA. FECYT also provides support to researchers and research managers on how to comply with open science related mandates (both at the national and EU levels), actively promoting and providing training on open science to all stakeholders. Lastly, FECYT provides policy-makers, governmental agencies and funders with training and information services about public funded research outputs in open access, and gives both support and advice on open science policies.

One of those activities is to hold the technical secretariat for expert groups on open science at the national level, gathering them to provide the required input on those matters to the RDI State Secretary. Also since June 2018, FECYT coordinates the INEOS pilot project “Infrastructures and Standards for Open Science” (Infraestructuras y Estándares para la Ciencia en Abierto), collaborating with the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII) to jointly develop infrastructures and standards to support Open Science at the National level. The main objectives are to improve the quality of research data in repositories, to connect publicly funded research results with data, and to increase visibility of researchers by integrating the public profile of their CVs in institutional platforms.

Additionally, academic libraries and university programs are increasingly offering training in a full array of skills on open science and the reuse of research data. Courses, workshops, seminars are being provided by universities, research centres, libraries and research working groups.

Besides OpenAIRE, there are other EU-funded projects with Spain participation providing training, support and outreach activities related to open science and, broadly speaking, promoting responsible research and innovation, as the project MedOANet (already finished), FOSTER (already finished), the ORION Open Science project or the EOSC Synergy project.

The National Policy for Research, Development and Innovation for the years 2016–2020 (Czech only) identifies the key areas and research topics on which the research should focus. The National policy also proposes changes in the management and funding of science in order to produce more top-level scientific results.
The major research funder are

  • the Czech Science Foundation, which provides financial support for research projects submitted by individuals or organizations on the basis of a public tender
  • the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports.
The Czech Science Foundation signed the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities in 2008, but it still does not require open access to published results.

There are 26 public universities in the Czech Republic and a large number of private universities. The most important research institution is the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.
Information about the Czech Republic research activities and results can be found in the national current research information system IS VaVaI 2.0. The system contains publicly available data from the R&D IS of the Czech Republic.

Norway has policies for open access to research articles and research data in place. Read more under the heading Open Science Policy.

Work is in progress for a national research repository to replace the current landscape of institutional repositories in Norway. The new repository will be closely linked to, and in some cases merge with, the national CRIS-system Cristin. Both the national repository and Cristin is run by Unit. Unit is also the national Open Access coordinator and hosts the national repository aggregator NORA.

The Norwegian Research Council signed cOAlition S’ Plan S in 2018, requesting that publications on the results from research funded by NCR from 2021 onward be made fully open at the time of publication.

To support both the national policy and NRC’s Plan S, the Norwegian consortium for licence agreements hosted by Unit has been tasked by Universities Norway to negotiate both transformative agreements and agreements with OA-publishers. The agreements are all registered in the ESAC Registry.
Norway has adopted national guidelines for Open Access and the Norwegian Research Council has established policies for Open Data.
Major Research Performing Organisations
In Italy research is performed by:
  1. Public and private universities, polytechnics, funded by the Ministero dell’ Università e della Ricerca (MUR, Ministry of Universities and Research, former MIUR - Ministry of Education, University and Research) as part of their institutional mandate: currently there are 98 universities. Research is also carried out by interuniversity consortia and scientific and technological parks.
  2. Fourteen large research organizations and institutions observed by MUR: CNR (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche/National Research Council), ENEA (Agenzia nazionale per le nuove tecnologie, l’energia e lo sviluppo economico sostenibile/Agency for the new technologies, and sustainable economic development), INFN (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare/National Institute for Nuclear Physics), INAF (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica/National Institute of Astrophysics, INGV (Istituto Nazionale di Geologia e Vulcanologia/National Institute of Geology and Volcanology), ASI (Agenzia Spaziale Italiana/Italian Space Agency) are the most important ones. There are also other research institutions funded by other ministries, e.g. ISS (Istituto Nazionale della Sanità/National Health Institute ) funded by Ministry of Health or the network of the public veterinary institutes funded by the National Health System or other publicly funded institutions (laboratories, hospitals, central government research units etc.).
  3. Business enterprises.
  4. Associations, institutes and foundations (public or private) not for profit.
Major Funders

The main public funder in Italy is the Ministero dell’Università e Ricerca (MUR, Ministry of Education, Universities and Research, former MIUR - Ministry of Education, University and Research), but other ministries (e.g Ministry for the Economic Development, Health, Foreign Affairs, etc) other central administration agencies and regional governments also play a role in funding research in specific areas (high-tech; nanotechnologies; environmental sciences and health, space research; etc.) and fostering synergies among universities, research organizations and small-medium sized enterprises (as part of the EC Field Programs).
Public research funding can be further split into three categories:

  1. national (originated by central government, e.g. ministries etc);
  2. regional (funded by Regions mainly to promote collaboration among universities and, small-medium sized enterprises at regional level);
  3. EC originated (Field Programs or co-financed projects with Italian institutions).

In 2018 the total investment in Research & Development accounted for 1,39% of GDP (Gross Domestic Product), but the data is still a forecast while writing (early 2020). In 2017, 482.703 people were involved in research and development both in the public and private sectors.

There are eight universities in Ireland: University College Dublin (UCD), University College Cork (UCC), the National University of Ireland Galway (NUIG), Maynooth University (MU), Trinity College Dublin, Dublin City University, the University of Limerick, and Technical University Dublin. Additionally Ireland has 14 Institutes of Technology, including the Dublin Institute of Technology and 7 Colleges of Education. A number of other third level institutions provide specialist education in such fields as art and design, medicine, business studies, rural development, theology, music and law.

The Finnish model for Open Science coordination involves universities, polytechnics, research institutes, funding bodies, libraries and archives. The coordination is supported by The Federation of Finnish Learned Societies (TSV) with funding from the Ministry of Education and Culture.

The coordination is based on collaboration between working groups, expert groups and strategy group. In the centre of the coordination work are fourOpen Science Expert PanelsCulture of open scholarship, Open data, Open access and Open education.

One result of this cooperation is the Declaration for Open Science and Research 2020-2025. The declaration provides a common direction for the development of the research community. The declaration outlines a vision, where open science and research are seamlessly integrated into researchers' everyday work.

Open Science coordination in Finland participates actively in many open science networks in Europe and globally (eg.CoNOSC and EOSC).

Responsible research is present in the activities and communication of the TSV and the research support bodies associated with it: the Open Science Coordination, the Publication Forum (JUFO), the Committee for Public Information (TJNK) and the Finnish National Board on Research Integrity TENK.

An overview of the Belgian research landscape can be found in the RIO country report for Belgium, what follows is a concise overview.

Within the EU, Belgium has a strong reputation for R&D and innovation, primarily due to the high quality of its education and research facilities. There are two separate university systems in Belgium:

  • six French-speaking universities (including two in Brussels) and 21 university colleges (‘hautes écoles’),
  • six universities and 22 university colleges (“hogescholen”) in Flanders (see the full list of universities).

Additionally, there are several subject-based research institutions. The larger strategic research centres in Flanders are often participating in EU and other international projects and are significant actors in the ERA (e.g. IMEC, VITO, VIB), as is the Walloon Space research pole (Liège) or the biomedical pole (Brussels-Charleroi).

The governance of the Belgian research system reflects the federal structure of the country, which consists of a federal, Belgian, government and a Flemish and French Community government. It is important to note that there is no overarching national research council in Belgium. The three main governmental funders are BELSPO (federal), FRS-FNRS (French Community) and FWO (Flanders). All three have Open Access policies in place.

  • The Federal Science Policy office (BELSPO) coordinates science policy at the federal level as well as on an international level. The federal government also coordinates some research of national interest such as defence, space and polar research. In the coming years, the federal research programmes will be revised. The revision will take into account the organisational changes of the federal science policy.
  • The Flemish R&D system is governed by the Department of Economy, Science and Innovation (EWI). EWI prepares, monitors and evaluates policy in the Economy, Science and Innovation policy area. Their main goal is to develop Flanders into one of the most advanced and prosperous regions in the world.
  • Two key agencies for STI policy are the innovation agency VLAIO and the main funding channel for research at universities FWO. These agencies govern the various policy instruments and measures of the Flemish region aiming at science and innovation. Flanders holding Company PMV governs several funds and measures that facilitate start and risk capital.
  • The Ministry of the French Community governs the fundamental research aspects (mainly through the F.R.S-FNRS National Scientific Research Fund) The regional governments oversee applied and industrial research with economic development purposes, and support technology guidance and funding for interfaces between research organisations, industry and universities.
    • The key agency within the Walloon administration is the DGO6 (Directorate General operational for Economy, Employment and Research).
Brussels-Capital's R&D policy is governed by the Ministry of the Brussels-Capital Region and the implementing agency is INNOVIRIS (Brussels Institute for Research and Innovation).

Through the University of Cyprus Library, Cyprus has been participating in OpenAIRE projects since the beginning of the project in 2009, as a National Open Access Desk (NOAD). The main objectives of a NOAD are among others to support, promote and disseminate all relevant information regarding the policies of Open Access to all possible stakeholders.

Cyprus achieved this by establishing a collaboration mechanism among researchers, institutions, funding organizations, EC National Reference Points, repository managers, librarians and the librarians association – a real human network. Three parallel approaches are in continuous process for this achievement.

  1. Central approach: Cooperation with the Research Promotion Foundation and the Directorate General for European Programmes, Coordination and Development (the local NPRs for OA) in order to establish a National policy and promote any Open Science issue to the local community. This approach has been extremely efficient since through a great collaboration we resulted excellent and important outcomes.

  2. Cluster approach: a) Co-organize/Participate in conferences of librarians/information scientists who acted as multipliers because they were able to disseminate the obligation derived by H2020 projects to their institutional researchers. b) Identification and participation with posters or papers in conferences / information days that took place in our region through which researchers were reached.

  3. Individual approach: Emails to the Cypriot coordinators/partners of SC39 FP7 and H2020 projects and phone calls were answered for questions & help requests.

In addition and in order to provide useful and essential information to the local community, in 2019 the website OpenScienceCy has been created and curated by the Cyprus OpenAIRE NOAD.

The Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic is the main body supporting research and development funded from public resources. There are public, private and state operated universities, research organisations (e.g. Slovak Academy of Science - SAS), research institutes and private companies. The Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport realises the process of evaluation to perform R&D. The certificate for research organisation as result of evaluation process allows to use public resources for R&D.

Slovak Centre of Scientific and Technical Information (SCSTI) is the national information centre and specialised scientific library of the Slovak Republic focused on natural, technical, economic and social sciences. The SCSTI provides several information systems supporting R&D on national level funded by the ministry, i.e. Central Registry of Publication Activities, Central Registry of Theses and Dissertations, Central Information Portal for Research, Development and Innovation and Slovak Current Research Information System (SK CRIS).

Updated in August 2022.

Research libraries offer support to researchers regarding open access to publications and managing research data. Regarding open access to articles, researchers comply with Horizon 2020 and Horizon Europe provisions by depositing peer-reviewed publications into the Slovenian OpenAIRE compatible repositories. A network of research infrastructure centers is funded by the Slovenian Research Agency.

Organization of the Slovenian research and innovation system is determined in the Scientific Research and Innovation Activities Act, which also contains provisions on open science. These are also included in the Slovenian Scientific Research and Innovation Strategy 2030. Development of research infrastructures is steered by the Research Infrastructure Roadmap 2030.

Major funders of research are the Slovenian Research Agency and the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport.

Public universities and  research institutes  are the major research performing organisations.

There are three public universities in Slovenia: theUniversity of Ljubljana, theUniversity of Maribor, and theUniversity of Primorska. The largest among the private academic institutions is theUniversity of Nova Gorica.

The largest research institutes in Slovenia are
Jožef Stefan Institute,Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts,National Institute of Chemistry,Institute of OncologyAgricultural Institute of Slovenia, andNational Institute of Biology.

Data on Slovenian researchers, organisations, research groups, projects, and programmes are available via the Slovenian Current Research Information System SICRIS (personal bibliographies of researchers are also used for research evaluation). 

The Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNiSW) is responsible for the development and implementation of research policy. The Ministry provides core funding for the statutory activities of various types of research institutions and for large infrastructure investments, and it also supervises the two major governmental funding agencies – the National Science Centre (Narodowe Centrum Nauki, NCN) and the National Centre for Research and Development (Narodowe Centrum Badań i Rozwoju, NCBR).

The Conference of Rectors of Academic Schools (CRASP) in Poland is the representative body of academic schools, which have the right to award the doctor's degree (or equivalent) in at least one scientific discipline. On July 5, 2013 CRASP and Polish Academy of Sciences (Polska Akademia Nauk, PAN) issued a joint statement on open access to scientific publications and educational resources. In 2018 CRASP published a statement on the implementation of open science model. CRASP is a member of European University Association, which supports universities in the implementation of Open Science principles.

The Polish Academy of Sciences (Polska Akademia Nauk, PAN) is a national research institution founded in 1952. It conducts advanced research at its scientific units, integrates research community in Poland, supports and promotes various forms of research and educates young scholars. 

State research institutes (see: Main Council of the Research Institutes) are government-run institutions that conduct R&D work in line with the needs of the national economy and social life.

Two major governmental agencies are responsible for the bulk of research funding in Poland.

The National Science Centre (NCN) was launched in 2011 as the main governmental agency supporting basic research in Poland. This is achieved through the funding of research projects in all fields of sciences and humanities as well as doctoral fellowships and post-doctoral internships. NCN belongs to the cOAlition S from its beginning (September, 2018).  In April, 2019 NCN announced plans to introduce open science policy, as well as the requirement for data management plan (DMP) and published guidelines for applicants to complete the DMP form in the proposal. In February 2020 members of the Council expressed their approval for a new open access policy to publications created as a result of research projects funded entirely or in part from NCN resources. The obligation to ensure open access to published research findings will apply to all projects recommended for funding under calls announced on 16 June 2020 and later (see: Introducing a policy of open access to research project publications).

The National Centre for Research and Development (NCBR) was established in July 2007. It is a governmental agency responsible for the funding of applied scientific research programmes and activities. Its main task is the managing and implementation of strategic scientific research that should lead directly to the development of innovations. NCBR also supports the commercialization of scientific research results.

Another important research funder is The Foundation for Polish Science, a non-governmental and non-profit institution. 

The Polish National Agency for Academic Exchange (NAWA) was established in 2017. It is responsible for coordinating state activities driving the process of internationalization of Polish academic and research institutions. Members of the Board and the Director of the Polish National Agency of Academic Exchange (NAWA) declared support for Plan S.

More information on the research landscape in Poland can be found on the EURAXESS website.

The National Point of Reference for Open Access is the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport of the Republic of Lithuania.

The Research Council of Lithuania has a mandate of coordinating OA activities in Lithuania.

The main governmental institution, responsible for implementation of innovation policy in Lithuania is the Agency for Science, Innovation and Technology (MITA). They coordinate national activities and international programmes (HORIZON2020, EUREKA, EUROSTARS) of research, technological development and innovation and other financial schemes. MITA provides national financial support for project participants.

The Research and Higher Education Monitoring and Analysis Centre (MOSTA) was a public institution established to provide evidence-based information and guidance regarding adoption of decisions on formation and implementation of research, higher education and innovation policy relevant to the public. Following the reorganization of the Research and Higher Education Monitoring and Analysis Centre (MOSTA), the Government Strategic Analysis Center (STRATA) has been established.

According to the "Implementation Plan 2016-2019 for achieving the objectives of the Estonian Research and Development and Innovation Strategy 2014-2020 “Knowledge-based Estonia”" priority no. 5 "Optimal circulation, accessibility and transfer of scientific knowledge", the goal is to promote open access to research publications and to encourage open access to public-financed research results and research data. Support measures: Development of necessary regulations and support infrastructures - the main instruments for financing research provide the requirement of open access to research publications (at least Green Open Access). Activities are supported in the framework of acquiring licences for research databases and supporting research libraries and collections.

In February, 2020, Estonian Research Council signed the agreement for Estonia to join the Nordic e-Infrastructure Collaboration NeIC, which gives Estonian research infrastructures the possibility to maintain and enhance their competitiveness and do more international cooperation.

The major research funder in Germany is the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) which has secured open access into its funding policy: “When entering into publishing contracts scientists participating in DFG-funded projects should, as far as possible, permanently reserve a non-exclusive right of exploitation for electronic publication of their research results for the purpose of open access.

Here, discipline specific delay periods of generally six to twelve months can be agreed upon, before which the publication of previously published research results in discipline-specific or institutional electronic archives may be prohibited.” The DFG offers a number of funding schemes aimed at enabling open access publication (Open Access Publishing Programme) and the development and implementation of open access infrastructure (Infrastructure for Electronic Publications and Digital Scholarly Communication Programme).

Other funders like the Volkswagen Foundation (VolkswagenStiftung) support OA publishing in financial terms (see this overview at Beside nationally funded research, European research projects are gaining importance in recent years. Another prominient aspect of the German research world are the large research institutions including: the Max Planck Society, the Helmholtz Association, the Fraunhofer Gesellschaft and the Leibniz Association, al of whom actively support OA projects and initiatives.

The OA movement in Germany is frequently referred to in related community publications, for example the book "Open Access. Chancen und Herausforderungen" published 2007 by the Deutsche UNESCO-Kommission (also available in English: "Open Access. Opportunities and Challenges - a Handbook." European Commission / German Commission for UNESCO, 2008), and the special issue “Open Access”, Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen und Bibliographie, Vol. 54 (2007), Nr. 4/5 (in German).

Portuguese research environment has been changing and growing significantly in these almost two decades; it was very small and underdeveloped until the 1990’s. The number of researchers and the scientific output referenced internationally has been growing in the last years at an annual average rate higher than 10%. Considering the size and significance of their research output, as well their legal status, the Higher Education Institutions (HEI), i.e. Universities, the Polytechnics, the Higher Institutes and the Research Centres (RC) constitute the Portuguese core of the public research system. Other sorts of institutions also carry out scientific research in Portugal, but to a much smaller extent, such as public and private hospitals, institutes, private companies, etc. The HEIs carry out the most significant proportion of the scientific output produced in Portugal.
The National Research Environment
Major research funding bodies

Austrian Science Fund FWF

The Austrian Science Fund (FWF) is Austria's central funding organization for basic research. The purpose of the FWF is to support the ongoing development of Austrian science and basic research at a high international level. Therefore, the FWF makes a significant contribution to cultural development, and to the advancement of our knowledge-based society.

Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG)

The Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG) is the national funding institution for applied industrial research in Austria. The FFG offers a comprehensive range of services for Austrian enterprises, research institutions and researchers – from the management of public funding programmes to consulting services in all phases of technology development and innovation, from support for integration into European research programmes and networks to the promotion of Austria's interests at the European and the international level.

Austria Wirtschaftsservice Gesellschaft (aws)

Austria Wirtschaftsservice Gesellschaft mbH (aws) is the Austrian federal promotional bank. It assists companies in their implementation of innovative projects by granting loans, awarding subsidies and issuing guarantees at favourable interest rates, particularly in cases in which it is not possible for these companies to obtain the necessary funds in a sufficient amount from other sources of financing. In addition, it provides support in the form of specific information, advisory and other services to prospective, established and expanding companies.

Research funding Ministries

Federal Ministry for Climate Action, Environment, Energy, Mobility, Innovation and Technology(bmvit)

Information about funding programs and open tenderings are available mainly in German on the ministries websites. A service called Förderkompass is provided by the bmvit which aggregates information about current different research funding programs and institutions.

Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research (bmbwf)

There is a wide range of research in Austria and current research programs and projects. Furthermore an initiative called Forschungsatlas provides all links and records in social media about research in Austria in real time. Information about funding programs and open tenderings are available mainly in German on the ministries websites.

Further funding bodies

Academy of Sciences (OeAW)

The OeAW as the largest non-university research institution cultivates discourse and the cooperation between science, the public, politics and the economy and practices applied and open basic research at its 29 institutes at the highest international level.As a public institution, the OAeW advances national and international scientific cooperation, offers researchers far-reaching advancement and career-development opportunities and supports up-and-coming scientists with fellowships as well as training and advanced training. The OAW sustainably supports the development of Austria as an innovative and future-proof knowledge-based society.

The Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft

Founded in 1960, the Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft (LBG) is a research institution with a thematic focus on medicine, life sciences and the humanities, social sciences and cultural sciences, and is specifically targeting new research topics in Austria. Together with academic and implementing partners, the LBG is currently running 20 Ludwig Boltzmann Institutes (LBIs) and develops and tests new forms of collaboration between science and non-scientific actors such as companies, the public sector and civil society.
Named after the famous Austrian physicist, mathematician and philosopher Ludwig Boltzmann, the LBG still takes its lead from his wide range of academic interests, by pursuing interdisciplinary approaches. Socially relevant challenges, to which research can contribute, are to be recognized at an early stage and taken up. In 2016, the LBG Career Center, which is supporting 200 pre and postdocs, has been set up. In addition, the LBG Open Innovation in Science Center (LBG OIS Center), which is revealing the potential of open innovation to science, was launched.
The LBG is financed by a mix of public and private funding, the total budget for the year 2016 amounted to 31.3 million euros. About 31 percent of the funds come from the budget of the Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research. The Ludwig Boltzmann Gesellschaft employs a total of approximately 550 people. Since the comprehensive reorganisation of the LBG in 2002, LBIs can only be established on the basis of calls for proposals and must operate under the scrutiny of international expert review.

Christian Doppler Research Association (CDG)

The Christian Doppler Research Association promotes the cooperation between science and business. Specifically, this takes place in specially established research units with fixed terms, in which application-orientated basic research is pursued: Christian Doppler Laboratories at universities and non-university research institutions, Josef Ressel Centres at universities of applied sciences.Under the direction of highly qualified scientists, research groups work in close contact with the commercial partners on innovative responses to business-related research issues.

Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB)

The Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB) has a long tradition of promoting research: Through its Anniversary Fund, the OeNB supports outstanding scientific work above all in the field of economics and medicine, but also projects related to the social sciences and the humanities.In addition, the OeNB sponsors a number of grants and awards, such as the Klaus Liebscher Award or the Olga Radzyner Award, and offers a visiting research program for young scientists.

Austrian Partnership Programme in Higher Education & Research for Development (APPEAR)

APPEAR is a programme of the Austrian Development Cooperation (ADC) with the aim to implement its strategy for support of higher education and research for development on an academic institutional level in the ADC’s southern priority countries and key regions and in three priority countries of the South Caucasus and Black Sea Region.The overall objective is to strengthen the institutional capacities in higher education, research and management in the addressed countries through Academic Partnerships with Austrian higher education institutions and master’s and PhD scholarships as a contribution to effective and sustainable reduction of poverty.

Commission of Development Research at the OeAD–GmbH (KEF)

The Commission for Development Research at the OeAD-GmbH (KEF) aims at bridging the gap between science and development by supporting a development-oriented approach in research and science. The main principle is the incorporation of the development policy approach in science and research.

At a national level, Jisc offers open access support to its own members and as the National Open Access Desk (NOAD) for OpenAIRE2020.  

For queries regarding OA in general, Jisc Monitor, Jisc Publications, Router, or if you are a UK project funded by Horizon 2020, please email us:  -- just make sure to indicate which area your query is about in the subject line.

Most of these institutions have jointly signed the Berlin Declaration in 2006 through their governing bodies:

In addition, some Swiss research institutions have also signed the Berlin Declaration as a single institution:

    • University of Zurich, 2004
    • Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich), 2006
    • Paul Scherrer Institut, 2006
    • University of St. Gallen, 2006
    • University of Basel, 2007
    • University of Bern, 2007
    • University of Fribourg, 2008
    • Swiss Centre of Expertise in the Social Sciences (FORS), 2010
    • Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, 2015
    • University of Lucerne, 2015

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OpenAIRE has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under Grant Agreements No. 777541 and 101017452 (see all).

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