The European Commission (EC) has just released a new report that sheds light on the open access policy for Horizon 2020 grants, investigates which aspects of this policy are successful or need further improvements and explores ways to optimize its internal monitoring system. This report was carried out by Athena Research & Innovation Center, a long time partner of OpenAIRE, PPMI , and UNU-Merit.
One of the main goals of this study was to employ an open, transparent, and repeatable approach as a catalyst for improving the operationalization of open-access monitoring in the EC. What is worth noting here is that open data were considered the primary source for such monitoring for the first time.
Despite the fact that working with and merging open sources often proved to be a painstaking process, it was one that ultimately proved flexible and agile, and allowed the study team to interact with the community and propose changes to the underlying public infrastructure. Moreover, most of the data and metadata contained in the open sources proved to be of good quality, justifying the adoption and curation of open, community-driven standards.
OpenAIRE's tools to monitor and track the metadata on research outputs were extensively used in the study. Our Research Graph was one of the open data sources used to identify and gather a comprehensive and authoritative list of all peer-reviewed Horizon 2020 publications while already tested knowledge extraction technologies (natural language processing (NLP)/machine learning (ML) used by Athena RC were also included in the selected methodology.
Amongst others, the report's findings underline the importance of open-source infrastructures, such as institutional repositories and the necessity to invest further and improve them to ensure "continuity, robustness and therefore trust in the monitoring process". These steps are necessary to build a pragmatic approach for implementing Open Science.
Download the full report here.
See the European Commission's press release here.