WP7 Tasks


In this study, legal barriers to data sharing in the context of the Open Research Data Pilot will be analysed. The study will focus on two legal issues which are of great relevance for the implementation of the Pilot; namely those of data protection law and public sector information (PSI). For the first issue, several privacy issues will be raised within the context of the Open Research Data Pilot and OpenAIRE. Different forms of protection of personal and sensitive data will be analysed (e.g. data protection/privacy law/confidentiality). It will be examined which data that is used and shared in an e-infrastructure such as OpenAIRE and the Open Research Data Pilot is covered by data protection rules and what consequences this has for the usage and sharing of those data.In order to assist the technical developments within OpenAIRE, legal principles for the sharing of personal and sensitive data will be developed and recommendations for legal and technical measures will be given.The second issue that will be analysed is that about public sector information. It will be evaluated, to what extend OpenAIRE and its partners, including the partners taking part in the Open Research Data Pilot, fall under obligations specified by EU and Member States for public-sector bodies (PSBs) on PSI with regard to access and re-use of this information, and what the exact consequences of those obligations are.The findings of this second subtask will show to what extent access and reuse of PSI is harmonised within the EU and how the regime of PSI influences the OpenAIRE Open Research Data Pilot. To illustrate the results, guidelines as to PSI and participating in the OpenAIRE Open Research Data Pilot will be prepared, for example when is it necessary/possible/useful to opt out of the Open Research Data Pilot.


Task 7.2: Measuring OA impact

This task will carry out one or more studies that will describe the multidimensional indicators of scholarly performance based on data retrieved by the OpenAIRE platform, which has linked databases on projects, publications, data, institutions, data providers and researchers. Analysis will include activity indicators, impact indicators and positional indicators. The task will investigate indicators for second level impact that link OA to possible social, cultural and economic impact (patents, EU stats, social media, web impact, etc.). In addition, it will:
• Explore the interaction between open access practices at the level of research groups and potential indicators of impact
and quality (including strategic responses by the scientific community to new indicators).
• Explore which data sources should be the basis for OpenAIRE indicators.
• Define the core principles on which standards for OpenAIRE metrics for evaluation should be based.
• Define the principles on which an infrastructure of OpenAIRE indicators should be based.


TASK 7.3: Literature-data integration

In this task, DANS, PANGAEA (UniHB), and EMBL-EBI will engage with the OpenAIRE infrastructure towards consolidating a global data publishing and citation ecosystem, by experimenting with interlinking/integrating literature and datasets in the public domain, using data citations as a basis. Studies (EBI, PANGAEA (UniHB),, DANS) will focus on (1) building requirements and standards that facilitate literature-data integration and (2) understanding the scope and extent of data citation within and across different disciplines (e.g. granularity, citation purposes). Such analysis will be performed by involving relevant communities in workshops and will serve as input to the development of prototypes: (1) A data citation interlinking service (PANGAEA (UniHB),, CNR, EBI, DANS) resolving cross-references between PIDs of datasets and PIDs of publications collected from publishers, data repositories (DANS, PANGAEA (UniHB), and EMBL-EBI will serve as use-cases) and the OpenAIRE infrastructure; (2) Setting the basis for a global, open Data Citation Index Service, in order to study its implications and impact on different disciplines. Both demonstrators will be implemented as Open Source projects, in the context of the RDA/WDS Working Group Data Publication Services, with the cooperation of science publishers and further data centres, as appropriate. The resulting services will be hosted
(mirrored) by a number of sites, including OpenAIRE and the ICSU WDS. Governance and maintenance of the service will be set up in a way that includes Open Access principles, where all relevant stakeholders (publishers, data centres, repositories/libraries, and added value service providers) contribute content and participate openly.


TASK 7.4: Open review to literature and beyond
This task will carry out a landscape scan and evaluation of new forms of publishing and (open) peer review. It will consider various routes of publishing (formal and informal) as well as types of publications (journal articles, monographs, proceedings, etc.). In particular, it will describe and classify new forms of peer review mechanisms (workflows, quality assurance, community involvement, benefits for authors and reviewers, integration with open access e-Infrastructures, etc.). Information will be gathered through literature research and a survey involving research communities, publishers, innovative projects, etc. As a prototype for the Humanities and Social Sciences, hypotheses.org, a platform hosting academic blogs, will carry out experiments to model the workflow from blog articles (original articles, reviews about publications, case studies, etc.) for the selection, review and revision of these articles towards peer reviewed publications (journal articles and edited books).Two additional prototypes in the area of open peer review will be carried out and evaluated (tender call M4, award of tender in M6, delivery of results M12). It is foreseen that the results of the study will be published in a similar fashion, with open review based on the facilities
provided by the prototypes.

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